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Beta Trianguli, 4 Trianguli, HD13161, HIP10064, HR622

Beta Trianguli Location in Triangulum

Primary Facts on Beta Trianguli

  • Beta Trianguli's star type is giant star that can be located in the constellation of Triangulum. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Beta Trianguli is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (A5III) of the star, the star's colour is blue .
  • Beta Trianguli is the 1st brightest star in Triangulum based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 126.86 light years away from us.

Beta Trianguli's Alternative Names

Beta Trianguli (Bet Tri) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR622. HIP10064 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD13161.

Beta Trianguli has alternative name(s) :- Deltotum, Deltoton.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 4 Trianguli with it shortened to 4 Tri.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+34 381.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Beta Trianguli

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Beta Trianguli, the location is 02h 09m 32.52 and +34° 59` 14.6 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Beta Trianguli

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -39.10 ± 0.22 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 149.16 ± 0.34 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 12.30 km/s with an error of about 0.66 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Beta Trianguli Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 79.95 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Beta Trianguli

Beta Trianguli has a spectral type of A5III. This means the star is a blue giant star. The star is 7,427.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or in terms of Light Years is 24,224.15 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.14 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 8,153 Kelvin.

Beta Trianguli Radius has been calculated as being 4.49 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 3,124,295.20.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 4.57. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Beta Trianguli Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Beta Trianguli has an apparent magnitude of 3.00 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.09 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.05. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Beta Trianguli

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 26.24 which gave the calculated distance to Beta Trianguli as 124.30 light years away from Earth or 38.11 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 124.30 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 25.71 which put Beta Trianguli at a distance of 126.86 light years or 38.90 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 8,023,645.05 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,427.00 Parsecs or 24,224.15 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Beta Trianguli Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameBeta Trianguli
Alternative NamesBet Tri, Deltotum, Deltoton, HD 13161, HIP 10064, HR 622, 4 Trianguli, 4 Tri, BD+34 381
Spectral TypeA5III
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeGiant Star
Colour blue
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 0.09 / 0.05
Visual / Apparent Magnitude3.00
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)02h 09m 32.52
Declination (Dec.)+34° 59` 14.6
Galactic Latitude-25.20 degrees
Galactic Longitude140.55 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth26.24 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 124.30 Light Years
 38.11 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth25.71 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 126.86 Light Years
 38.90 Parsecs
 8,023,645.05 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,224.15 Light Years / 7,427.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-39.10 ± 0.22 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.149.16 ± 0.34 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.14
Radial Velocity12.30 ± 0.66 km/s
Semi-Major Axis7499.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)79.95
Orbital Period (Days)31.39
Argument Of Periastron298.10

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature8,153 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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