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BK Indi, HD194969, HIP101185

BK Indi is a blue to white eclipsing binary sys main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Indus. The description is based on the spectral class. BK Indi is not part of the constellation but is within the borders of the constellation.

The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

BK Indi's Alternative Names

HIP101185 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD194969.

BK Indi has alternative name(s) :- , BK Ind.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of BK Indi

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For BK Indi, the location is 20h 30m 34.56 and -49° 51` 18.6 .

Proper Motion of BK Indi

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -11.14 ± 1.18 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 10.67 ± 2.02 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of BK Indi

BK Indi has a spectral type of F3/F5V. This means the star is a blue to white main sequence dwarf star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.32 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,116 Kelvin.

BK Indi Radius has been calculated as being 1.71 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,188,197.57.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.73. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

BK Indi Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

BK Indi has an apparent magnitude of 10.28 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.78 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.75. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number. }

Distance to BK Indi

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.16 which gave the calculated distance to BK Indi as 1032.16 light years away from Earth or 316.46 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1032.16 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 3.12 which put BK Indi at a distance of 1045.40 light years or 320.51 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 66,109,472.39 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Variable Type of BK Indi

The star is a eclipsing binary sys Beta Persei (Algol) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. BK Indi brightness ranges from a magnitude of 10.843 to a magnitude of 10.306 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 1.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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BK Indi Facts

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameBK Indi
Alternative NamesHD 194969, HIP 101185, BK Ind
Spectral TypeF3/F5V
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type main sequence Dwarf Star
Colour blue to white
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationIndus
Absolute Magnitude 2.78 / 2.75
Visual / Apparent Magnitude10.28
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 4.5 - 6 Inch Telescope - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)20h 30m 34.56
Declination (Dec.)-49° 51` 18.6
Galactic Latitude-36.09 degrees
Galactic Longitude349.35 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth3.16 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1032.16 Light Years
 316.46 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth3.12 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1045.40 Light Years
 320.51 Parsecs
 66,109,472.39 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-11.14 ± 1.18 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.10.67 ± 2.02 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.32

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Variable Star ClassEclipsing binary sys
Variable Star TypeBeta Persei (Algol)
Mean Variability Period in Days1.113
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)10.306 - 10.843

Estimated Facts


Calculated Effective Temperature7,116 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

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