Universe Guide

BN Sculptoris

BN Sculptoris Facts

  • BN Sculptoris is a eclipsing binary sys main sequence star that can be located in the constellation of Sculptor. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • BN Sculptoris is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (F7V) of the star, the star's colour is yellow to white .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 531.21 light years away from us. Distance

BN Sculptoris's Alternative Names

HIP114206 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD218369.

BN Sculptoris has alternative name(s) :- BN Scl, BN Scl.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of BN Sculptoris

The location of the main sequence star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For BN Sculptoris, the location is 23h 07m 42.75 and -30° 13` 59.7 .

Proper Motion of BN Sculptoris

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -28.38 ± 0.62 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -2.30 ± 0.96 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of BN Sculptoris

BN Sculptoris Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of F7V , BN Sculptoris's colour and type is yellow to white main sequence star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.5 which means the star's temperature is about 6,285 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

BN Sculptoris Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 5.91 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

BN Sculptoris Radius

BN Sculptoris estimated radius has been calculated as being 2.22 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,544,366.13.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.1196534474555985703693545292. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

BN Sculptoris Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

BN Sculptoris has an apparent magnitude of 8.91 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.75 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.85. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to BN Sculptoris

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 5.85000 which gave the calculated distance to BN Sculptoris as 557.54 light years away from Earth or 170.94 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 3,277,568,790,564,789.92, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 6.14000 which put BN Sculptoris at a distance of 531.21 light years or 162.87 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 33,594,114.91 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,343.00 Parsecs or 23,950.17 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to BN Sculptoris

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736484,019,374.31
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269464,293,825.88
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54232,146,610.38
New Horizons Probe33,00010,795,098.77
Speed of Light670,616,629.00531.21

Variable Type of BN Sculptoris

The star is a eclipsing binary sys Beta Persei (Algol) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. BN Sculptoris brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.331 to a magnitude of 8.963 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 3.7 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional BN Sculptoris Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameBN Sculptoris
Alternative NamesBN Scl, HD 218369, HIP 114206, BN Scl
Spectral TypeF7V
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type Main Sequence Dwarf Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 2.75 / 2.85
Visual / Apparent Magnitude8.91
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)23h 07m 42.75
Declination (Dec.)-30° 13` 59.7
Galactic Latitude-67.08958127 degrees
Galactic Longitude18.98460069 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth5.85000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 557.54 Light Years
 170.94 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth6.14000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 531.21 Light Years
 162.87 Parsecs
 33,594,114.91 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance23,950.17 Light Years / 7,343.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec. -28.38000 ± 0.62000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-2.30000 ± 0.96000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.5
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)5.9100000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing binary sys
Variable Star TypeBeta Persei (Algol)
Mean Variability Period in Days3.651
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)8.963 - 9.331

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)2.12
Effective Temperature6,285 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

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