Universe Guide

Castor B (Companion Star) Facts

Castor B Facts

  • Castor B is a subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Gemini. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Castor B is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Castor B's Alternative Names

(Alpha Geminorum B) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in 1603. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation, there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR2890. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD60178.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Castor B

The location of the subgiant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Castor B, the location is 07h 34m 36.10 and +31 ° 53` 18.57 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Castor B

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -148.20 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -206.30 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -1.20000 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of Castor B

Castor B Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of kA0hA2:mA1IVs B Based on the star's spectral, the stars temperature is between 0.00 and 0.00 degrees kelvin.

Castor B Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Castor B has an apparent magnitude of 2.97 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

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Additional Castor B Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameCastor B
Alternative NamesAlpha Geminorum B, HD 60178, HR 2890
Spectral TypekA0hA2:mA1IVs B
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeSubgiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Visual / Apparent Magnitude2.97
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)07h 34m 36.10
Declination (Dec.)+31 ° 53` 18.57
Proper Motion Dec.-148.20000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-206.30000 milliarcseconds/year
Radial Velocity-1.20000 km/s
Associated / Clustered StarsCastor
Castor C

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Sources and Links


Location of Castor B in Gemini

Castor B Location in Gemini

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

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