Universe Guide

CG Circini

CG Circini Facts

  • CG Circini is a eclipsing binary sys variable star that can be located in the constellation of Circinus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • CG Circini is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (A0) of the star, the star's colour is blue - white .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 25089.49 light years away from us. Distance

CG Circini's Alternative Names

HIP71313 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue.

CG Circini has alternative name(s) :- CG Cir, CG Cir.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of CG Circini

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For CG Circini, the location is 14h 34m 59.78 and -66° 01` 49.6 .

Proper Motion of CG Circini

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -1.64 ± 1.43 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -2.83 ± 2.10 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of CG Circini

CG Circini Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of A0 , CG Circini's colour and type is blue - white variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.42 which means the star's temperature is about 6,335 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

CG Circini Radius

CG Circini estimated radius has been calculated as being 16.42 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 11,426,430.81.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 51.695247104320145079673758608. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

CG Circini Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

CG Circini has an apparent magnitude of 10.31 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.63 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.12. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to CG Circini

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.41000 which gave the calculated distance to CG Circini as 7955.20 light years away from Earth or 2439.02 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 46,765,640,568,750,254.27, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.13000 which put CG Circini at a distance of 25089.49 light years or 7692.31 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 1,586,641,775.87 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Travel Time to CG Circini

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A38073622,860,637,509.69
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.26921,928,983,455.78
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5410,964,477,437.62
New Horizons Probe33,000509,861,491.13
Speed of Light670,616,629.0025,089.49

Variable Type of CG Circini

The star is a eclipsing binary sys Beta Persei (Algol) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. CG Circini brightness ranges from a magnitude of 10.760 to a magnitude of 10.345 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 6.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional CG Circini Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameCG Circini
Alternative NamesCG Cir, HIP 71313, CG Cir
Spectral TypeA0
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -1.63 / -4.12
Visual / Apparent Magnitude10.31
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 4.5 - 6 Inch Telescope - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)14h 34m 59.78
Declination (Dec.)-66° 01` 49.6
Galactic Latitude-5.24351543 degrees
Galactic Longitude313.19279629 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.41000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 7955.20 Light Years
 2439.02 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth0.13000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 25089.49 Light Years
 7692.31 Parsecs
 1,586,641,775.87 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-1.64000 ± 1.43000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-2.83000 ± 2.10000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.42

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing binary sys
Variable Star TypeBeta Persei (Algol)
Mean Variability Period in Days5.950
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)10.345 - 10.760

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)51.70
Effective Temperature6,335 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

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