Universe Guide

CM Piscium

CM Piscium Facts

  • CM Piscium is a pulsating variable star that can be located in the constellation of Pisces. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • CM Piscium is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (K5) of the star, the star's colour is orange to red .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 2992.32 light years away from us. Distance

CM Piscium's Alternative Names

HIP4316 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD5329.

CM Piscium has alternative name(s) :- CM Psc, CM Psc.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+19 142.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of CM Piscium

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For CM Piscium, the location is 00h 55m 14.64 and +20° 18` 06.1 .

Proper Motion of CM Piscium

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -9.98 ± 0.82 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -14.55 ± 1.15 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of CM Piscium

CM Piscium Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of K5 , CM Piscium's colour and type is orange to red variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.5 which means the star's temperature is about 4,014 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

CM Piscium Radius

CM Piscium Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

CM Piscium has an apparent magnitude of 8.65 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.16. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to CM Piscium

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as -0.25000 which gave the calculated distance to CM Piscium as -13046.53 light years away from Earth or -4000 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about -76,695,662,290,001,163.37, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.09000 which put CM Piscium at a distance of 2992.32 light years or 917.43 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 189,232,202.61 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Travel Time to CM Piscium

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A3807362,726,493,955.56
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.2692,615,379,418.81
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.541,307,688,005.06
New Horizons Probe33,00060,809,077.31
Speed of Light670,616,629.002,992.32

Variable Type of CM Piscium

The star is a pulsating Semi-Regular Star w variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. CM Piscium brightness ranges from a magnitude of 8.831 to a magnitude of 8.724 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 15.9 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional CM Piscium Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameCM Piscium
Alternative NamesCM Psc, HD 5329, HIP 4316, BD+19 142, CM Psc
Spectral TypeK5
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude / -1.16
Visual / Apparent Magnitude8.65
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)00h 55m 14.64
Declination (Dec.)+20° 18` 06.1
Galactic Latitude-42.56110470 degrees
Galactic Longitude124.14353667 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth-0.25000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 -13046.53 Light Years
 -4000 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth1.09000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2992.32 Light Years
 917.43 Parsecs
 189,232,202.61 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-9.98000 ± 0.82000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-14.55000 ± 1.15000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.5

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSemi-Regular Star w
Mean Variability Period in Days15.892
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)8.724 - 8.831

Estimated Calculated Facts

Effective Temperature4,014 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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