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Delta2 Gruis, HD213080, HIP111043, HR8560

Delta2 Gruis is a red pulsating star that can be located in the constellation of Grus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Delta2 Gruis is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8560. HIP111043 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD213080.

Delta2 Gruis has alternative name(s), del02 Gru.

Location of Delta2 Gruis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Delta2 Gruis, the location is 22h 29m 45.45 and -43d 44` 57.2 .

Proper Motion of Delta2 Gruis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 2.57 ± 0.13 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -14.08 ± 0.23 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 2.70000 km/s with an error of about 0.80 km/s .

Delta2 Gruis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 7.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Delta2 Gruis

Delta2 Gruis has a spectral type of M4.5IIIa. This means the star is a red star. The star is 7346.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23959.9592502400000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.57 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,850 Kelvin.

Delta2 Gruis Radius has been calculated as being 31.33 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 21,800,924.58.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 31.91. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Delta2 Gruis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Delta2 Gruis has an apparent magnitude of 4.12 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.87 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.91. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Delta2 Gruis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 10.04 which gave the calculated distance to Delta2 Gruis as 324.86 light years away from Earth or 99.60 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 324.86 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 9.88 which put Delta2 Gruis at a distance of 330.12 light years or 101.21 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,346.00 Parsecs or 23,959.96 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of Delta2 Gruis

The star is a pulsating Slow Irregular variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. This is a some uncertainty as to the type but the type mentioned is the current variable star classification for this star. Delta2 Gruis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 4.205 to a magnitude of 4.095 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Delta2 Gruis Facts

Alternative Names

Short Namedel02 Gru
Bayer DesignationDelta2 Gruis
Hipparcos Library I.D.111043
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id8560
Henry Draper Designation213080

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Absolute Magnitude-0.87 / -0.91
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.12
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)22h 29m 45.45
Declination (Dec.)-43d 44` 57.2
Galactic Latitude-57.06 degrees
Galactic Longitude353.28 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth10.04 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 324.86 Light Years
 99.60 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth9.88 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 330.12 Light Years
 101.21 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,959.96 Light Years / 7,346.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.2.57 ± 0.13 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-14.08 ± 0.23 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.57
Radial Velocity2.70 ± 0.80 km/s
Spectral TypeM4.5IIIa
Associated / Clustered StarsDelta1 Gruis
Colour(M) Red

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSlow Irregular probably
Mean Variability Period in Days0.080
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)4.095 - 4.205

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)7.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature3,850 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear

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