Universe Guide


Delta Caeli - HD28873 - HIP21060

Delta Caeli is a blue subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Caelum. Delta Caeli is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP21060 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD28873.

Location of Delta Caeli

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Delta Caeli, the location is 04h 30m 50.10 and -44d57`13.5 .

Proper Motion of Delta Caeli

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -003.09 ± 000.17 towards the north and 001.64 ± 000.19 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Delta Caeli

Delta Caeli has a spectral type of B2IV-V. This means the star is a blue subgiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.19 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 16,152 Kelvin.

Delta Caeli has been calculated as 2.51 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,749,649.76.km.

Delta Caeli Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Delta Caeli has an apparent magnitude of 5.07 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.62 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.60. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Delta Caeli

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 4.59 which gave the calculated distance to Delta Caeli as 710.60 light years away from Earth or 217.86 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 710.60 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 4.63 which put Delta Caeli at a distance of 704.46 light years or 215.98 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Delta Caeli Facts

Alternative Names

Bayer DesignationDelta Caeli
Hipparcos Library I.D.21060
Henry Draper Designation28873

Visual Facts

Star Typesubgiant star
Absolute Magnitude-1.62 / -1.60
Apparent Magnitude5.07
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 30m 50.10
Declination (Dec.)-44d57`13.5
1997 Distance from Earth4.59 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 710.60 Light Years
 217.86 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth4.63 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 704.46 Light Years
 215.98 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-3.09 ± 0.17 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.1.64 ± 0.19 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.19
Spectral TypeB2IV-V
Colour (B) blue

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)2.51
Calculated Effective Temperature16,152 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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