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Aldulfin, Epsilon Delphini, 2 Delphini, HD195810, HIP101421, HR7852

Aldulfin (Epsilon Delphini) is a blue star that can be located in the constellation of Delphinus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Epsilon Delphini is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR7852. HIP101421 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD195810.

Aldulfin has alternative name(s), Deneb Dulfim , .

Location of Aldulfin

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Aldulfin, the location is 20h 33m 12.76 and +11d 18` 12.0 .

Proper Motion of Aldulfin

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -28.97 ± 0.13 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 11.96 ± 0.21 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -19.40000 km/s with an error of about 0.70 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Aldulfin

Aldulfin has a spectral type of B6III. This means the star is a blue star. The star is 7345.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23956.6976168000000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.12 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 12,367 Kelvin.

Aldulfin Radius has been calculated as being 3.50 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,437,085.09.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 3.22. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.08 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

Aldulfin Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Aldulfin has an apparent magnitude of 4.03 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.18 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.00. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Aldulfin

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 9.09 which gave the calculated distance to Aldulfin as 358.82 light years away from Earth or 110.01 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 358.82 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 9.87 which put Aldulfin at a distance of 330.46 light years or 101.32 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,345.00 Parsecs or 23,956.70 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Aldulfin Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameAldulfin
Flamsteed Name2 Delphini
Flamsteed Short Name2 Del
Bayer DesignationEpsilon Delphini
Alternative Name(s)Deneb Dulfim
Hipparcos Library I.D.101421
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id7852
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+10 4321
Henry Draper Designation195810

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Absolute Magnitude-1.18 / -1.00
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.03
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)20h 33m 12.76
Declination (Dec.)+11d 18` 12.0
Galactic Latitude-16.59 degrees
Galactic Longitude55.42 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth9.09 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 358.82 Light Years
 110.01 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth9.87 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 330.46 Light Years
 101.32 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,956.70 Light Years / 7,345.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-28.97 ± 0.13 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.11.96 ± 0.21 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.12
Radial Velocity-19.40 ± 0.70 km/s
Iron Abundance0.08 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Spectral TypeB6III
Colour(B) blue

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature12,367 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Location of Aldulfin in Delphinus

Aldulfin (Epsilon Delphini) Location in Delphinus

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

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