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DX Leonis

DX Leonis Facts

DX Leonis's Alternative Names

HIP46843 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD82443. The Gliese ID of the star is GL 354.1A. The star was part of the original catalogue devised by German Astronomer Wilheim Gliese of stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth. Star Names

DX Leonis has alternative name(s) :- DX Leo, DX Leo.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+27 1775.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of DX Leonis

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For DX Leonis, the location is 09h 32m 43.86 and +26° 59` 20.9 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of DX Leonis

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -246.77 ± 0.33 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -147.90 ± 0.60 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 8.11 km/s with an error of about 0.15 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

DX Leonis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 0.48 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of DX Leonis

DX Leonis Colour and Temperature

DX Leonis has a spectral type of K0. This means the star is a orange to red variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.77 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,490 Kelvin.

DX Leonis Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 0.71 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 496,805.28.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 0.71. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.10 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

DX Leonis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

DX Leonis has an apparent magnitude of 7.05 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 5.80 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 5.80. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to DX Leonis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 56.35 which gave the calculated distance to DX Leonis as 57.88 light years away from Earth or 17.75 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 57.88 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 56.20 which put DX Leonis at a distance of 58.04 light years or 17.79 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 3,669,425.33 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,412.00 Parsecs or 24,175.23 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of DX Leonis

The star is a rotating BY Draconis variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. DX Leonis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 7.242 to a magnitude of 7.169 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 5.4 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional DX Leonis Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameDX Leonis
Alternative NamesDX Leo, HD 82443, HIP 46843, BD+27 1775, Gliese 354.1A, DX Leo
Spectral TypeK0
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeVariable Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationLeo
Absolute Magnitude 5.80 / 5.80
Visual / Apparent Magnitude7.05
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)09h 32m 43.86
Declination (Dec.)+26° 59` 20.9
Galactic Latitude46.06 degrees
Galactic Longitude201.21 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth56.35 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 57.88 Light Years
 17.75 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth56.20 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 58.04 Light Years
 17.79 Parsecs
 3,669,425.33 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,175.23 Light Years / 7,412.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-246.77 ± 0.33 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-147.90 ± 0.60 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.77
Radial Velocity8.11 ± 0.15 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.10 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.08
Semi-Major Axis6871.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)0.48

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Variable Star ClassRotating
Variable Star TypeBY Draconis
Mean Variability Period in Days5.398
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)7.169 - 7.242

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)0.71
Effective Temperature5,490 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
82443+27 1775.0A7.00000-146.00000-250.00000K0Orange
B16.800001960

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