Universe Guide

EK Draconis

EK Draconis Facts

EK Draconis's Alternative Names

HIP71631 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD129333. The Gliese ID of the star is GL 559.1A. The star was part of the original catalogue devised by German Astronomer Wilheim Gliese of stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth. Star Names

EK Draconis has alternative name(s) :- EK Dra, EK Dra.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+64 1017.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of EK Draconis

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For EK Draconis, the location is 14h 39m 00.40 and +64° 17` 30.1 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of EK Draconis

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -12.59 ± 0.36 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -139.54 ± 0.37 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -20.30 km/s with an error of about 0.84 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

EK Draconis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 0.97 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age) of EK Draconis

EK Draconis Colour and Temperature

EK Draconis has a spectral type of F8. This means the star is a yellow to white variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.62 which means the star's temperature is about 5,829 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being .

EK Draconis Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 0.94 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 651,855.18.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 0.95. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.07 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 8.90 Billion years old but could be between 4.70 and 13.00 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

EK Draconis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

EK Draconis has an apparent magnitude of 7.60 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.95 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.93. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to EK Draconis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 29.46 which gave the calculated distance to EK Draconis as 110.71 light years away from Earth or 33.94 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is 74,243,966,997.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 29.30 which put EK Draconis at a distance of 111.32 light years or 34.13 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 7,039,768.78 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,406.00 Parsecs or 24,155.66 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to EK Draconis

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736101,430,765.14
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.26997,297,092.86
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5448,648,483.02
New Horizons Probe33,0002,262,213.43
Speed of Light670,616,629.00111.32

Variable Type of EK Draconis

The star is a rotating BY Draconis variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. EK Draconis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 7.753 to a magnitude of 7.701 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 2.8 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional EK Draconis Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameEK Draconis
Alternative NamesEK Dra, HD 129333, HIP 71631, BD+64 1017, Gliese 559.1A, EK Dra
Spectral TypeF8
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
Age8.90 Billion Years Old
Age Range4.70 - 13.00 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 4.95 / 4.93
Visual / Apparent Magnitude7.60
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)14h 39m 00.40
Declination (Dec.)+64° 17` 30.1
Galactic Latitude49.04 degrees
Galactic Longitude105.52 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth29.46 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 110.71 Light Years
 33.94 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth29.30 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 111.32 Light Years
 34.13 Parsecs
 7,039,768.78 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,155.66 Light Years / 7,406.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-12.59 ± 0.36 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-139.54 ± 0.37 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.62
Radial Velocity-20.30 ± 0.84 km/s
Iron Abundance0.07 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis6495.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)0.97

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassRotating
Variable Star TypeBY Draconis
Mean Variability Period in Days2.788
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)7.701 - 7.753

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)0.95
Effective Temperature5,829 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

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