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Eltanin (Gamma Draconis) - HD164058 - HIP87833 - HR6705

Eltanin (Gamma Draconis) is a orange to red giant star that can be located in the constellation of Draco. It is the 69th brightest star in the night sky. Gamma Draconis is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR6705. HIP87833 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD164058. Eltanin has alternative name(s), Etamin and Ettanin,33 Draconis , 33 Dra.

Location of Eltanin

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Eltanin, the location is 17h 56m 36.38 and +51d29`20.2 .

Proper Motion of Eltanin

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -022.79 ± 000.09 towards the north and -008.48 ± 000.10 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Eltanin Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 32.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Eltanin

Eltanin has a spectral type of K5III. This means the star is a orange to red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.52 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,952 Kelvin.

Eltanin has been calculated as 32.16 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 22,375,057.94.km.

Eltanin Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Eltanin has an apparent magnitude of 2.24 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.04 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.13. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Eltanin

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 22.10 which gave the calculated distance to Eltanin as 147.59 light years away from Earth or 45.25 parsecs. In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 21.14 which put Eltanin at a distance of 154.29 light years or 47.30 parsecs.

It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 147.59 years using the 1997 distance to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Eltanin Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional NameEltanin
Short Name33 Dra
English MeaningThe great serpent
Bayer DesignationGamma Draconis
Alternative Name(s) Etamin and Ettanin,33 Draconis
Hipparcos Library I.D.87833
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id6705
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+51 2282
Henry Draper Designation164058

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude-1.04 / -1.13
Apparent Magnitude2.24
Right Ascension (R.A.)17h 56m 36.38
Declination (Dec.)+51d29`20.2
1997 Distance from Earth22.10 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 147.59 Light Years
 45.25 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth21.14 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 154.29 Light Years
 47.30 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-22.79 ± 0.09 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-8.48 ± 0.10 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.52
Spectral TypeK5III
Brightest in Night Sky69th
Colour(K) Orange to Red

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)32.16
Luminosity (x the Sun)32.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature3,952 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
164058+51 2282.0A2.40000-13.00000-20.00000K5Orange
B13.400001878
C12.900001898
D12.900001915
E11.900001913
F11.200001879
G11.900001913

Location of Eltanin in Draco


Eltanin (Gamma Draconis) Location in Draco

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.



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