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Epsilon Phoenicis, HD496, HIP765, HR25

Epsilon Phoenicis (Epsilon Phoenicis) Location in Phoenix

Epsilon Phoenicis is a orange to red giant star that can be located in the constellation of Phoenix. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Epsilon Phoenicis's Alternative Names

Epsilon Phoenicis (Eps Phe) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR25. HIP765 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD496. The Gliese ID of the star is GL 9.1. The star was part of the original catalogue devised by German Astronomer Wilheim Gliese of stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth. Star Names

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Epsilon Phoenicis

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Epsilon Phoenicis, the location is 00h 09m 24.54 and -45° 44` 49.2 .

Proper Motion of Epsilon Phoenicis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -179.83 ± 0.27 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 121.52 ± 0.45 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -9.20000 km/s with an error of about 0.70 km/s .

Epsilon Phoenicis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 67.21 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Epsilon Phoenicis

Epsilon Phoenicis has a spectral type of K0III. This means the star is a orange to red giant star. The star is 7,388.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24,096.95 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,849 Kelvin.

Epsilon Phoenicis Radius has been calculated as being 9.54 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 6,638,599.85.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 9.81. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.01 with an error value of 0.07 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

Epsilon Phoenicis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Epsilon Phoenicis has an apparent magnitude of 3.88 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.71 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.65. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Epsilon Phoenicis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 23.28 which gave the calculated distance to Epsilon Phoenicis as 140.10 light years away from Earth or 42.96 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 140.10 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 22.62 which put Epsilon Phoenicis at a distance of 144.19 light years or 44.21 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,388.00 Parsecs or 24,096.95 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Epsilon Phoenicis Facts

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameEpsilon Phoenicis
Alternative NamesEps Phe, HD 496, HIP 765, HR 25, Gliese 9.1
Spectral TypeK0III
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
Colour orange to red
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationPhoenix
Absolute Magnitude0.71 / 0.65
Visual / Apparent Magnitude3.88
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)00h 09m 24.54
Declination (Dec.)-45° 44` 49.2
Galactic Latitude-69.59 degrees
Galactic Longitude324.34 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth23.28 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 140.10 Light Years
 42.96 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth22.62 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 144.19 Light Years
 44.21 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,096.95 Light Years / 7,388.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-179.83 ± 0.27 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.121.52 ± 0.45 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.00
Radial Velocity-9.20 ± 0.70 km/s
Iron Abundance0.01 ± 0.07 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.23
Semi-Major Axis5835.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)67.21

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Facts


Calculated Effective Temperature4,849 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

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