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ER Vulpeculae, HD200391, HIP103833

ER Vulpeculae is a white to yellow eclipsing star that can be located in the constellation of Vulpecula. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it. The star has an estimated age of 8.70 Billion of Years but could be as young as 8.00 to 9.40 according to Hipparcos.

HIP103833 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD200391.

ER Vulpeculae has alternative name(s), ER Vul.

Location of ER Vulpeculae

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For ER Vulpeculae, the location is 21h 02m 25.85 and +27d 48` 26.4 .

Proper Motion of ER Vulpeculae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 5.88 ± 0.40 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 87.95 ± 0.60 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -24.60000 km/s with an error of about 0.50 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age, Radius) of ER Vulpeculae

ER Vulpeculae has a spectral type of G0IIIvar. This means the star is a white to yellow star. The star is 7386.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24090.4245878400000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.61 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,859 Kelvin.

ER Vulpeculae Radius has been calculated as being 1.55 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,075,729.64.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.61. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.20 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 8.70 Billion years old but could be between 8.00 and 9.40 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

ER Vulpeculae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

ER Vulpeculae has an apparent magnitude of 7.33 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.84 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.75. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to ER Vulpeculae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 20.06 which gave the calculated distance to ER Vulpeculae as 162.59 light years away from Earth or 49.85 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 162.59 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 19.23 which put ER Vulpeculae at a distance of 169.61 light years or 52.00 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,386.00 Parsecs or 24,090.42 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of ER Vulpeculae

The star is a eclipsing W Ursae Majoris/RS Canum Venaticorum-type binary systems (subtype) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. ER Vulpeculae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 7.562 to a magnitude of 7.436 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.7 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

ER Vulpeculae Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameER Vulpeculae
Short NameER Vul
Hipparcos Library I.D.103833
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+27 3952
Henry Draper Designation200391

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Age8.70 Billion Years Old
Age Range8.00 - 9.40 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude3.84 / 3.75
Visual / Apparent Magnitude7.33
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)21h 02m 25.85
Declination (Dec.)+27d 48` 26.4
Galactic Latitude-12.31 degrees
Galactic Longitude73.34 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth20.06 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 162.59 Light Years
 49.85 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth19.23 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 169.61 Light Years
 52.00 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,090.42 Light Years / 7,386.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.5.88 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.87.95 ± 0.60 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.61
Radial Velocity-24.60 ± 0.50 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.20 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Spectral TypeG0IIIvar
Colour(G) White to Yellow

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing
Variable Star TypeW Ursae Majoris/RS Canum Venaticorum-type binary systems (subtype)
Mean Variability Period in Days0.698
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)7.436 - 7.562

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature5,859 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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