Universe Guide

Eta1 Doradus

Eta1 Doradus Facts

  • Eta1 Doradus is a main sequence star that can be located in the constellation of Dorado. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Eta1 Doradus is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (A0V) of the star, the star's colour is blue - white .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 321.66 light years away from us. Distance

Eta1 Doradus's Alternative Names

Eta1 Doradus (Eta01 Dor) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in 1603. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation, there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR2194. HIP28909 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD42525.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Eta1 Doradus

The location of the main sequence star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Eta1 Doradus, the location is 06h 06m 09.36 and -66° 02` 22.9 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Eta1 Doradus

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 27.60 ± 0.18 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 13.57 ± 0.19 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 17.60000 km/s with an error of about 4.30 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of Eta1 Doradus

Eta1 Doradus Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of A0V , Eta1 Doradus's colour and type is blue - white main sequence star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.02 which means the star's temperature is about 9,839 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

Eta1 Doradus Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 54.00 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Eta1 Doradus Radius

Eta1 Doradus estimated radius has been calculated as being 2.35 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,634,854.97.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.2750666359322692630435318653. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Eta1 Doradus Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Eta1 Doradus has an apparent magnitude of 5.72 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.68 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.75. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Eta1 Doradus

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 9.82000 which gave the calculated distance to Eta1 Doradus as 332.14 light years away from Earth or 101.83 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 1,952,526,631,449,204.23, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 10.14000 which put Eta1 Doradus at a distance of 321.66 light years or 98.62 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 20,341,693.45 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,392.00 Parsecs or 24,109.99 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to Eta1 Doradus

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736293,084,979.46
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269281,140,701.48
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54140,570,167.53
New Horizons Probe33,0006,536,683.18
Speed of Light670,616,629.00321.66

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Eta1 Doradus Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameEta1 Doradus
Alternative NamesEta01 Dor, HD 42525, HIP 28909, HR 2194
Spectral TypeA0V
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type Main Sequence Dwarf Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 0.68 / 0.75
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.72
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)06h 06m 09.36
Declination (Dec.)-66° 02` 22.9
Galactic Latitude-29.18540102 degrees
Galactic Longitude275.79571755 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth9.82000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 332.14 Light Years
 101.83 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth10.14000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 321.66 Light Years
 98.62 Parsecs
 20,341,693.45 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,109.99 Light Years / 7,392.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.27.60000 ± 0.18000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.13.57000 ± 0.19000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.02
Radial Velocity17.60000 ± 4.30 km/s
Semi-Major Axis7031.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)54.0000000
Associated / Clustered StarsEta2 Doradus

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)2.28
Effective Temperature9,839 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

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