Universe Guide

Eta Scorpii

Eta Scorpii Facts

  • Eta Scorpii is a star that can be located in the constellation of Scorpius. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Eta Scorpii is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (F3p) of the star, the star's colour is yellow to white .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • The star has an estimated age of 1.10 Billion of Years but could be as young as 1.00 to 1.20 according to Hipparcos.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 73.48 light years away from us. Distance

Eta Scorpii's Alternative Names

Eta Scorpii (Eta Sco) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in 1603. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation, there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR6380. HIP84143 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD155203. The Gliese ID of the star is GL 657. The star was part of the original catalogue devised by German Astronomer Wilheim Gliese of stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth. Star Names

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Eta Scorpii

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Eta Scorpii, the location is 17h 12m 09.18 and -43° 14` 18.6 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Eta Scorpii

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -288.55 ± 0.08 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 24.47 ± 0.16 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -27.00000 km/s with an error of about 2.60 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of Eta Scorpii

Eta Scorpii Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of F3p , Eta Scorpii's colour and type is yellow to white star. The star's effective temperature is 6,519 Kelvin which is hotter than our own Sun's effective Temperature which is 5,777 Kelvin.

Eta Scorpii Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 20.22 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Eta Scorpii Radius

Eta Scorpii estimated radius has been calculated as being 3.76 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,618,220.11.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 3.8505451544496192150465177966. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Eta Scorpii Iron Abundance

Eta Scorpii Iron Abundance is 0.13 with an error value of 0.15 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

Eta Scorpii Estimated Age

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 1.10 Billion years old but could be between 1.00 and 1.20 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

Eta Scorpii Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Eta Scorpii has an apparent magnitude of 3.32 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.61 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.56. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Eta Scorpii

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 45.56000 which gave the calculated distance to Eta Scorpii as 71.59 light years away from Earth or 21.95 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 420,850,790,466,214.64, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 44.39000 which put Eta Scorpii at a distance of 73.48 light years or 22.53 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 4,647,113.70 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,378.00 Parsecs or 24,064.33 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to Eta Scorpii

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A38073666,952,323.23
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.26964,223,772.76
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5432,111,844.53
New Horizons Probe33,0001,493,239.69
Speed of Light670,616,629.0073.48

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Eta Scorpii Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameEta Scorpii
Alternative NamesEta Sco, HD 155203, HIP 84143, HR 6380, Gliese 657
Spectral TypeF3p
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeStar
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
Age1.10 Billion Years Old
Age Range1.00 - 1.20 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 1.61 / 1.56
Visual / Apparent Magnitude3.32
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)17h 12m 09.18
Declination (Dec.)-43° 14` 18.6
Galactic Latitude-2.30332349 degrees
Galactic Longitude344.36501125 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth45.56000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 71.59 Light Years
 21.95 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth44.39000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 73.48 Light Years
 22.53 Parsecs
 4,647,113.70 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,064.33 Light Years / 7,378.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-288.55000 ± 0.08000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.24.47000 ± 0.16000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.44
Radial Velocity-27.00000 ± 2.60 km/s
Iron Abundance0.1300 ± 0.15 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis7367.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)20.2200000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)3.85
Effective Temperature6,276 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Scorpius Main Stars

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