Fomalhaut (Alpha Piscis Austrini) is a blue main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of PiscisAustrinus. It is the 19th brightest star in the night sky. Alpha Piscis Austrini is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8728. HIP113368 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD216956. Fomalhaut has alternative name(s), 24 Piscis Austrini , 24 PsA. In Arabic, it is known as Fam al-Hut. Fomalhaut has at least 1 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.
Fomalhaut was one of the first stars to have been discovered to have an exoplanet in orbit round it, it wasn`t the first, the first was Helvetios which at the time was first referred to as plain old 51 Pegasi. The planet orbits outside the goldilocks zone, the area which scientists believe where the temperature for life is right, not too cold and not too hot. The picture at the bottom shows the white line as the orbit, the green as the goldilocks zone. The orbit is too far away from the star to get everything in the picture but it would be at the centre of the green circle. The planet was given the name Dagon in a competition by the International Astronomical Union
In addition to having a planet, it also has a Kuiper Belt in orbit round the planet. Whereas the Kuiper Belt in our solar system is about 50 A.U., thats fifty times the distance from the Earth to the Sun, the Fomalhaut Kuiper Belt is about 133 - 158 A.U. There could be more planets in orbit round the planet but we`ve not yet discovered them.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Fomalhaut, the location is 22h 57m 38.83 and -29d37`18.6 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -164.67 ± 000.30 towards the north and 328.95 ± 000.47 east if we saw them in the horizon.
Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 14.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.
Fomalhaut has a spectral type of A3V. This means the star is a blue main sequence dwarf star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.14 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 8,153 Kelvin.
Fomalhaut has been calculated as 2.10 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,461,288.15.km. The star's solar mass is 2.00 times that of the Sun's. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.
Fomalhaut has an apparent magnitude of 1.17 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.74 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.74. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 130.08 which gave the calculated distance to Fomalhaut as 25.07 light years away from Earth or 7.69 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 25.07 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 129.81 which put Fomalhaut at a distance of 25.13 light years or 7.70 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The Piscis Austrinids Meteor Shower radiants from a point near this star. The meteor shower runs typically between 15 Jul- 10 Aug with a peak date of 28-Jul. The speed of a meteor in the shower is 44 Km/s. The amount of meteors predicted to be seen per hour (Zenith Hourly Rate) is 44. p>
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Short Name||24 PsA|
|Arabic Name||Fam al-Hut|
|English Meaning||Mouth of the fish|
|Bayer Designation||Alpha Piscis Austrini|
|Alternative Name(s)||24 Piscis Austrini|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||113368|
|Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id||8728|
|Henry Draper Designation||216956|
|Star Type||main sequence dwarf star|
|Absolute Magnitude||1.74 / 1.74|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||22h 57m 38.83|
|1997 Distance from Earth||130.08 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|25.07 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||129.81 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|25.13 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-164.67 ± 0.30 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||328.95 ± 0.47 milliarcseconds/year|
|Brightest in Night Sky||19th|
|Radius (x the Sun)||2.10|
|Luminosity (x the Sun)||14.0000000|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||8,153 Kelvin|
|Mass Compared to the Sun||2.00|
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Name||Status||Mass (Jupiters)||Orbital Period (Days)||Eccentricity||Discovered||Semi-Major Axis||Periastron|
This is a N.A.S.A. impression of what the solar system might look like. If the star is not on display, its because its so small compared to the orbits of the outer planets. The green area denotes the habital zone which if the planet is within that area, life could exist. The habital zone might not appear on the picture because its outside the area for the picture. Our planets show the orbit of the planet if its was in our solar system. For more information about the planet and other exoplanetary stuff, visit N.A.S.A.