Universe Guide


FZ Cancri, HD76830, HIP44126

FZ Cancri is a red pulsating giant star that can be located in the constellation of Cancer. FZ Cancri is the brightest star in Cancer based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP44126 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD76830.

FZ Cancri has alternative name(s), FZ Cnc.

Location of FZ Cancri

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For FZ Cancri, the location is 08h 59m 10.76 and +18d08`06.1 .

Proper Motion of FZ Cancri

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -69.41 ± 0.27 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -47.70 ± 0.44 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of FZ Cancri

FZ Cancri has a spectral type of M4IIIvar. This means the star is a red giant star. The star is 7532.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24566.6230700800000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.51 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,971 Kelvin.

FZ Cancri Radius has been calculated as being 23.18 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 16,128,407.67.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 20.38. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

FZ Cancri Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

FZ Cancri has an apparent magnitude of 6.30 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.35 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.07. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to FZ Cancri

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 4.68 which gave the calculated distance to FZ Cancri as 696.93 light years away from Earth or 213.68 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 696.93 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 5.32 which put FZ Cancri at a distance of 613.09 light years or 187.97 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,532.00 Parsecs or 24,566.62 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of FZ Cancri

The star is a pulsating Semi-Regular Star which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. FZ Cancri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.377 to a magnitude of 6.285 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

FZ Cancri Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameFZ Cancri
Short NameFZ Cnc
Hipparcos Library I.D.44126
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+18 2093
Henry Draper Designation76830

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude-0.35 / -0.07
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.30
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)08h 59m 10.76
Declination (Dec.)+18d08`06.1
Galactic Latitude36.11 degrees
Galactic Longitude209.54 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth4.68 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 696.93 Light Years
 213.68 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth5.32 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 613.09 Light Years
 187.97 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,566.62 Light Years / 7,532.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-69.41 ± 0.27 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-47.70 ± 0.44 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.51
Radial Velocity22.99 ± 0.23 km/s
Spectral TypeM4IIIvar
Colour(M) Red

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSemi-Regular Star which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral
Mean Variability Period in Days0.061
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.285 - 6.377

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature3,971 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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