Universe Guide


Gamma Delphini B, 12 Delphini, HD197964, HIP102532

Gamma Delphini B is a orange to red subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Delphinus. Gamma Delphini B is the brightest star in Delphinus based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Gamma Delphini B is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP102532 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD197964.

Location of Gamma Delphini B

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Gamma Delphini B, the location is 20h 46m 39.52 and +16d07`29.2 .

Proper Motion of Gamma Delphini B

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -199.96 ± 0.71 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -24.17 ± 1.32 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Gamma Delphini B

Gamma Delphini B has a spectral type of K1IV. This means the star is a orange to red subgiant star. The star is 7386.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24090.4245878400000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.04 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,773 Kelvin.

Gamma Delphini B Radius has been calculated as being 5.93 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 4,128,451.55.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 7.40. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.22 with an error value of 0.02 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The star has a companion star which is in orbit close by, it has at least the following companions in close orbit, .

Gamma Delphini B Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Gamma Delphini B has an apparent magnitude of 4.27 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.81 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.33. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Gamma Delphini B

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 32.14 which gave the calculated distance to Gamma Delphini B as 101.48 light years away from Earth or 31.11 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 101.48 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 25.82 which put Gamma Delphini B at a distance of 126.32 light years or 38.73 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,386.00 Parsecs or 24,090.42 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Gamma Delphini B Facts

Alternative Names

Flamsteed Name12 Delphini
Flamsteed Short Name12 Del
Bayer DesignationGamma Delphini B
Hipparcos Library I.D.102532
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+15 4255
Henry Draper Designation197964

Visual Facts

Star Typesubgiant star
Absolute Magnitude1.81 / 1.33
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.27
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)20h 46m 39.52
Declination (Dec.)+16d07`29.2
Galactic Latitude-16.58 degrees
Galactic Longitude61.49 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth32.14 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 101.48 Light Years
 31.11 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth25.82 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 126.32 Light Years
 38.73 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,090.42 Light Years / 7,386.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-199.96 ± 0.71 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-24.17 ± 1.32 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.04
Radial Velocity-6.41 ± 0.09 km/s
Iron Abundance0.22 ± 0.02 Fe/H
Spectral TypeK1IV
Colour(K) Orange to Red

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature4,773 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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