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Gamma Persei - HD18925 - HIP14328

Gamma Persei is a white to yellow giant star that can be located in the constellation of Perseus. Gamma Persei is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP14328 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD18925. Gamma Persei has alternative name(s), 23 Persei , 23 Per.

Location of Gamma Persei

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Gamma Persei, the location is 03h 04m 47.79 and +53d30`23.2 .

Proper Motion of Gamma Persei

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -005.92 ± 000.35 towards the north and 000.51 ± 000.51 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Gamma Persei Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 113.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Gamma Persei

Gamma Persei has a spectral type of G8III+.... This means the star is a white to yellow giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.71 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,533 Kelvin.

Gamma Persei has been calculated as 20.94 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 14,570,749.88.km.

Gamma Persei Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Gamma Persei has an apparent magnitude of 2.91 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.57 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.45. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Gamma Persei

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 12.72 which gave the calculated distance to Gamma Persei as 256.42 light years away from Earth or 78.62 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 256.42 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 13.41 which put Gamma Persei at a distance of 243.22 light years or 74.57 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Gamma Persei Facts

Alternative Names

Short Name23 Per
Bayer DesignationGamma Persei
Alternative Name(s)23 Persei
Hipparcos Library I.D.14328
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+52 654
Henry Draper Designation18925

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude-1.57 / -1.45
Apparent Magnitude2.91
Right Ascension (R.A.)03h 04m 47.79
Declination (Dec.)+53d30`23.2
1997 Distance from Earth12.72 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 256.42 Light Years
 78.62 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth13.41 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 243.22 Light Years
 74.57 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-5.92 ± 0.35 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.0.51 ± 0.51 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.71
Eccentricity0.72
Inclination88.00
Semi-Major Axis21.50
Orbital Period (Days)5350.00
Argument Of Periastron353.20
Spectral TypeG8III+...
Colour(G) White to Yellow

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)20.94
Luminosity (x the Sun)113.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature5,533 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
18925+52 654.0A3.100000.00000-2.00000F5Yellow/White
B10.80000A3White1938
18926P1939

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