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Gamma Tucanae, HD219571, HIP114996, HR8848

Gamma Tucanae is a blue to white giant star that can be located in the constellation of Tucana. Gamma Tucanae is the brightest star in Tucana based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it. The star has an estimated age of 1.70 Billion of Years but could be as young as 1.60 to 1.80 according to Hipparcos.

Gamma Tucanae is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8848. HIP114996 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD219571.

Location of Gamma Tucanae

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Gamma Tucanae, the location is 23h 17m 25.81 and -58d 14` 09.3 .

Proper Motion of Gamma Tucanae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 81.16 ± 0.39 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -35.83 ± 0.63 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 18.40000 km/s with an error of about 0.70 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age, Radius) of Gamma Tucanae

Gamma Tucanae has a spectral type of F1III. This means the star is a blue to white giant star. The star is 7389.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24100.2094881600000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.41 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 6,681 Kelvin.

Gamma Tucanae Radius has been calculated as being 2.45 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,704,835.97.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.55. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.22 with an error value of 0.03 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 1.70 Billion years old but could be between 1.60 and 1.80 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

Gamma Tucanae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Gamma Tucanae has an apparent magnitude of 3.99 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.27 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.18. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Gamma Tucanae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 45.40 which gave the calculated distance to Gamma Tucanae as 71.84 light years away from Earth or 22.03 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 71.84 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 43.37 which put Gamma Tucanae at a distance of 75.20 light years or 23.06 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,389.00 Parsecs or 24,100.21 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Gamma Tucanae Facts

Alternative Names

Bayer DesignationGamma Tucanae
Hipparcos Library I.D.114996
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id8848
Henry Draper Designation219571

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Age1.70 Billion Years Old
Age Range1.60 - 1.80 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude2.27 / 2.18
Visual / Apparent Magnitude3.99
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)23h 17m 25.81
Declination (Dec.)-58d 14` 09.3
Galactic Latitude-54.82 degrees
Galactic Longitude324.30 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth45.40 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 71.84 Light Years
 22.03 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth43.37 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 75.20 Light Years
 23.06 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,100.21 Light Years / 7,389.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.81.16 ± 0.39 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-35.83 ± 0.63 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.41
Radial Velocity18.40 ± 0.70 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.22 ± 0.03 Fe/H
Spectral TypeF1III
Colour(F) blue to white

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature6,681 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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