Universe Guide

GP Ursae Majoris

GP Ursae Majoris Facts

  • GP Ursae Majoris is a giant star that can be located in the constellation of Ursa Major. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • GP Ursae Majoris is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (M2III:) of the star, the star's colour is red .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 1109.40 light years away from us. Distance

GP Ursae Majoris's Alternative Names

HIP50389 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD89053.

GP Ursae Majoris has alternative name(s) :- GP UMa, GP UMa.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+42 2108.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of GP Ursae Majoris

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For GP Ursae Majoris, the location is 10h 17m 17.69 and +41° 28` 02.9 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of GP Ursae Majoris

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -19.84 ± 0.39 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -86.58 ± 0.48 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -31.96000 km/s with an error of about 0.17 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of GP Ursae Majoris

GP Ursae Majoris Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of M2III: , GP Ursae Majoris's colour and type is red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.56 which means the star's temperature is about 3,871 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

GP Ursae Majoris Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 772.60 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

GP Ursae Majoris Radius

GP Ursae Majoris estimated radius has been calculated as being 32.75 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 22,790,361.13.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 34.61528890296005220345667684. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

GP Ursae Majoris Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

GP Ursae Majoris has an apparent magnitude of 6.55 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.99 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.11. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to GP Ursae Majoris

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.11000 which gave the calculated distance to GP Ursae Majoris as 1048.76 light years away from Earth or 321.54 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 6,165,267,146,380,042.82, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.94000 which put GP Ursae Majoris at a distance of 1109.40 light years or 340.14 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 70,158,422.33 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,592.00 Parsecs or 24,762.32 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to GP Ursae Majoris

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A3807361,010,845,228.55
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269969,649,612.08
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54484,824,174.16
New Horizons Probe33,00022,544,911.76
Speed of Light670,616,629.001,109.40
GP Ursae Majoris brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.647 to a magnitude of 6.600 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 6.2 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional GP Ursae Majoris Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameGP Ursae Majoris
Alternative NamesGP UMa, HD 89053, HIP 50389, BD+42 2108, GP UMa
Spectral TypeM2III:
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationUrsa Major
Absolute Magnitude -0.99 / -1.11
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.55
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)10h 17m 17.69
Declination (Dec.)+41° 28` 02.9
Galactic Latitude55.44775059 degrees
Galactic Longitude178.32977368 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth3.11000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1048.76 Light Years
 321.54 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth2.94000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1109.40 Light Years
 340.14 Parsecs
 70,158,422.33 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,762.32 Light Years / 7,592.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-19.84000 ± 0.39000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-86.58000 ± 0.48000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.56
Radial Velocity-31.96000 ± 0.17 km/s
Semi-Major Axis6935.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)772.6000000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days6.152
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.600 - 6.647

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)34.62
Effective Temperature3,871 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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