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GQ Eridani

GQ Eridani Facts

GQ Eridani's Alternative Names

HIP18398 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD24861.

GQ Eridani has alternative name(s) :- , GQ Eri.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of GQ Eridani

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For GQ Eridani, the location is 03h 55m 59.54 and -29° 48` 38.5 .

Proper Motion of GQ Eridani

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 2.07 ± 1.35 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 3.03 ± 1.94 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of GQ Eridani

GQ Eridani Colour and Temperature

GQ Eridani has a spectral type of K3/K4III. This means the star is a orange to red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.16 which means the star's temperature is about 4,558 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being .

GQ Eridani Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 3.09 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,146,868.85.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.65. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

GQ Eridani Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

GQ Eridani has an apparent magnitude of 9.02 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.43 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.76. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to GQ Eridani

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 7.62 which gave the calculated distance to GQ Eridani as 428.04 light years away from Earth or 131.23 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is 287,050,741,877.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 8.87 which put GQ Eridani at a distance of 367.72 light years or 112.74 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 23,254,132.22 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Travel Time to GQ Eridani

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736335,053,188.61
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269321,398,553.59
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54160,699,067.35
New Horizons Probe33,0007,472,701.42
Speed of Light670,616,629.00367.72
GQ Eridani brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.090 to a magnitude of 8.940 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional GQ Eridani Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameGQ Eridani
Alternative NamesHD 24861, HIP 18398, GQ Eri
Spectral TypeK3/K4III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeGiant Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 3.43 / 3.76
Visual / Apparent Magnitude9.02
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)03h 55m 59.54
Declination (Dec.)-29° 48` 38.5
Galactic Latitude-49.62 degrees
Galactic Longitude227.99 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth7.62 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 428.04 Light Years
 131.23 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth8.87 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 367.72 Light Years
 112.74 Parsecs
 23,254,132.22 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.2.07 ± 1.35 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.3.03 ± 1.94 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.16

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days0.126
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)8.940 - 9.090

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)2.65
Effective Temperature4,558 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
24861-30 1559.2A9.100003.000001.00000K3Orange

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