Universe Guide

GR Draconis

GR Draconis Facts

  • GR Draconis is a pulsating variable star that can be located in the constellation of Draco. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • GR Draconis is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (G0) of the star, the star's colour is yellow .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 635.80 light years away from us. Distance

GR Draconis's Alternative Names

HIP85522 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD159023.

GR Draconis has alternative name(s) :- , GR Dra.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+59 1819.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of GR Draconis

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For GR Draconis, the location is 17h 28m 39.41 and +59° 02` 07.2 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of GR Draconis

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 8.42 ± 0.57 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 17.24 ± 0.61 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -17.80 km/s with an error of about 0.40 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of GR Draconis

GR Draconis Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of G0 , GR Draconis's colour and type is yellow variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.67 which means the star's temperature is about 5,716 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

GR Draconis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 18.14 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

GR Draconis Radius

GR Draconis estimated radius has been calculated as being 3.24 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,255,175.87.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 4.25. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

GR Draconis Iron Abundance

GR Draconis Iron Abundance is -0.10 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

GR Draconis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

GR Draconis has an apparent magnitude of 8.20 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.34 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.75. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to GR Draconis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 6.72 which gave the calculated distance to GR Draconis as 485.36 light years away from Earth or 148.81 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 2,853,249,611,128,396.95, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 5.13 which put GR Draconis at a distance of 635.80 light years or 194.93 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 40,206,918.52 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,396.00 Parsecs or 24,123.04 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to GR Draconis

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736579,318,006.41
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269555,708,692.41
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54277,853,984.07
New Horizons Probe33,00012,920,547.05
Speed of Light670,616,629.00635.80

Variable Type of GR Draconis

The star is a pulsating Slow Irregular variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. GR Draconis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 8.427 to a magnitude of 8.298 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Hide Explanations
Show GridLines

Additional GR Draconis Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameGR Draconis
Alternative NamesHD 159023, HIP 85522, BD+59 1819, GR Dra
Spectral TypeG0
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 2.34 / 1.75
Visual / Apparent Magnitude8.20
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)17h 28m 39.41
Declination (Dec.)+59° 02` 07.2
Galactic Latitude33.56 degrees
Galactic Longitude87.65 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth6.72 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 485.36 Light Years
 148.81 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth5.13 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 635.80 Light Years
 194.93 Parsecs
 40,206,918.52 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,123.04 Light Years / 7,396.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.8.42 ± 0.57 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.17.24 ± 0.61 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.67
Radial Velocity-17.80 ± 0.40 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.10 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis8121.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)18.14

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSlow Irregular
Mean Variability Period in Days0.111
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)8.298 - 8.427

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)4.25
Effective Temperature5,716 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. All messages will be reviewed before being displayed. Comments may be merged or altered slightly such as if an email address is given in the main body of the comment.

You can decline to give a name which if that is the case, the comment will be attributed to a random star. A name is preferred even if its a random made up one by yourself.

This website is using cookies. More info. That's Fine