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GY Canis Majoris, HD55857, HIP34924

GY Canis Majoris is a blue star that can be located in the constellation of CanisMajor. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP34924 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD55857.

Location of GY Canis Majoris

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For GY Canis Majoris, the location is 07h 13m 36.45 and -27d 21` 22.9 .

Proper Motion of GY Canis Majoris

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 6.43 ± 0.30 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -3.87 ± 0.42 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 33.00000 km/s with an error of about 2.30 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of GY Canis Majoris

GY Canis Majoris has a spectral type of B2II. This means the star is a blue star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.23 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 25,232 Kelvin.

GY Canis Majoris Radius has been calculated as being 4.62 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 3,217,602.48.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 3.04. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

GY Canis Majoris Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

GY Canis Majoris has an apparent magnitude of 6.12 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.88 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.97. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to GY Canis Majoris

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.63 which gave the calculated distance to GY Canis Majoris as 5177.20 light years away from Earth or 1587.30 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 5177.20 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.96 which put GY Canis Majoris at a distance of 3397.53 light years or 1041.67 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

GY Canis Majoris Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameGY Canis Majoris
Hipparcos Library I.D.34924
Henry Draper Designation55857

Visual Facts

Star Type star
ConstellationCanis Major
Absolute Magnitude-4.88 / -3.97
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.12
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)07h 13m 36.45
Declination (Dec.)-27d 21` 22.9
Galactic Latitude-7.65 degrees
Galactic Longitude239.81 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.63 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 5177.20 Light Years
 1587.30 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth0.96 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 3397.53 Light Years
 1041.67 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.6.43 ± 0.30 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-3.87 ± 0.42 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.23
Radial Velocity33.00 ± 2.30 km/s
Spectral TypeB2II
Colour(B) blue

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature25,232 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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