Universe Guide

GZ Eridani

GZ Eridani Facts

GZ Eridani's Alternative Names

HIP20075 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD27362.

GZ Eridani has alternative name(s) :- , GZ Eri.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 203 G. Eridani. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD-21 831.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of GZ Eridani

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For GZ Eridani, the location is 04h 18m 16.07 and -20° 42` 55.1 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of GZ Eridani

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 19.85 ± 0.23 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 5.10 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 24.90 km/s with an error of about 0.60 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

GZ Eridani Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 2,665.74 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of GZ Eridani

GZ Eridani Colour and Temperature

GZ Eridani has a spectral type of M4III. This means the star is a red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.59 which means the star's temperature is about 3,804 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being .

GZ Eridani Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 43.49 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 30,263,686.85.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 62.87. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

GZ Eridani Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

GZ Eridani has an apparent magnitude of 6.00 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.53 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.33. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to GZ Eridani

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.12 which gave the calculated distance to GZ Eridani as 1045.40 light years away from Earth or 320.51 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is 701,062,623,957.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.16 which put GZ Eridani at a distance of 1510.02 light years or 462.96 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 95,491,689.30 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,671.00 Parsecs or 25,019.99 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to GZ Eridani

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A3807361,375,875,709.41
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.2691,319,803,774.33
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54659,901,027.10
New Horizons Probe33,00030,686,197.64
Speed of Light670,616,629.001,510.02

Variable Type of GZ Eridani

The star is a pulsating Slow Irregular variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. GZ Eridani brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.097 to a magnitude of 5.938 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional GZ Eridani Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameGZ Eridani
Alternative NamesHD 27362, HIP 20075, 203 G. Eridani, BD-21 831, GZ Eri
Spectral TypeM4III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -1.53 / -2.33
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.00
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 18m 16.07
Declination (Dec.)-20° 42` 55.1
Galactic Latitude-42.62 degrees
Galactic Longitude216.87 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth3.12 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1045.40 Light Years
 320.51 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth2.16 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1510.02 Light Years
 462.96 Parsecs
 95,491,689.30 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance25,019.99 Light Years / 7,671.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.19.85 ± 0.23 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.5.10 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.59
Radial Velocity24.90 ± 0.60 km/s
Semi-Major Axis10473.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)2,665.74

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSlow Irregular
Mean Variability Period in Days0.137
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)5.938 - 6.097

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)62.87
Effective Temperature3,804 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

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