The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR7293. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD179957.
HD 179957 has alternative name(s) :- LHS 3440.
BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+49 2959B.
More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the main sequence star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For HD 179957, the location is 19 12 04.6793135318 and +49 51 13.997484571 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 630.17 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -185.93 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.
The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -41.10 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.
HD 179957 has a spectral type of G3V C. This means the star is a white to yellow main sequence star.
The Parallax of the star is given as 39.60 which gives a calculated distance to HD 179957 of 82.36 light years from the Earth or 25.25 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 82.36 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The star is roughly 5,208,150.07 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||HD 179957|
|Alternative Names||LHS 3440, HD 179957, HR 7293, BD+49 2959B|
|Spectral Type||G3V C|
|Constellation's Main Star||No|
|Multiple Star System||No / Unknown|
|Star Type||Main Sequence Dwarf Star|
|Colour||White to Yellow|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||19 12 04.6793135318|
|Declination (Dec.)||+49 51 13.997484571|
|Distance from Earth||39.60 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|82.36 Light Years|
|5,208,150.07 Astronomical Units|
|Proper Motion Dec.||630.17 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-185.93 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||-41.10 km/s|
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