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HD 181342

HD 181342 Facts

HD 181342's Alternative Names

HIP95124 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD181342.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of HD 181342

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For HD 181342, the location is 19h 21m 04.26 and -23° 37` 10.2 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of HD 181342

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -30.58 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -45.87 ± 0.61 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -0.84 km/s with an error of about 0.24 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

HD 181342 Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 14.33 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Metallicity, Age, Mass) of HD 181342

HD 181342 Colour and Temperature

HD 181342 has a spectral type of K0III. This means the star is a orange to red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.02 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,811 Kelvin.

HD 181342 Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 4.79 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 3,333,459.06.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 4.60. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's solar mass is 1.84 times that of the Sun's. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.

The star's metallicity is 0.260000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.

The star is believed to be about 1.80 Billion years old. To put in context, the Sun is believed to be about five billion years old and the Universe is about 13.8 billion years old.

HD 181342 Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

HD 181342 has an apparent magnitude of 7.55 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.24 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.33. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to HD 181342

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 8.66 which gave the calculated distance to HD 181342 as 376.63 light years away from Earth or 115.47 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 376.63 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 9.04 which put HD 181342 at a distance of 360.80 light years or 110.62 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 22,816,853.88 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,298.00 Parsecs or 23,803.40 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional HD 181342 Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameHD 181342
Alternative NamesHD 181342, HIP 95124
Spectral TypeK0III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
Age1.80 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 2.24 / 2.33
Visual / Apparent Magnitude7.55
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)19h 21m 04.26
Declination (Dec.)-23° 37` 10.2
Galactic Latitude-16.73 degrees
Galactic Longitude14.51 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth8.66 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 376.63 Light Years
 115.47 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth9.04 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 360.80 Light Years
 110.62 Parsecs
 22,816,853.88 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance23,803.40 Light Years / 7,298.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-30.58 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-45.87 ± 0.61 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.02
Radial Velocity-0.84 ± 0.24 km/s
Semi-Major Axis6820.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)14.33

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet Count1

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)4.60
Effective Temperature4,811 Kelvin
Mass Compared to the Sun1.84

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

List of Extrasolar Planets orbiting HD 181342

NameStatusMass (Jupiters)Orbital Period (Days)EccentricityDiscoveredSemi-Major AxisPeriastron
HD 181342 bConfirmed0.2564.1000.02220101.592290.000

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