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HD 20003, HIP14530

HD 20003 is a white to yellow main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Hydrus. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it. HD 20003 has at least 2 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.

HD 20003's Alternative Names

HIP14530 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD20003.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of HD 20003

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For HD 20003, the location is 03h 07m 37.78 and -72° 19` 18.7 .

Proper Motion of HD 20003

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -8.88 ± 0.57 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 72.54 ± 0.65 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -16.20000 km/s with an error of about 0.30 km/s .

HD 20003 Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 0.82 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of HD 20003

HD 20003 has a spectral type of G8V. This means the star is a white to yellow main sequence dwarf star. The star is 7,389.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24,100.21 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.77 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,364 Kelvin.

HD 20003 Radius has been calculated as being 0.98 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 679,765.38.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.00. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.04 with an error value of 0.03 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

HD 20003 Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

HD 20003 has an apparent magnitude of 8.39 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 5.22 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 5.18. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to HD 20003

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 23.21 which gave the calculated distance to HD 20003 as 140.53 light years away from Earth or 43.08 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 140.53 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 22.83 which put HD 20003 at a distance of 142.87 light years or 43.80 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,389.00 Parsecs or 24,100.21 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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HD 20003 Facts

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameHD 20003
Alternative NamesHD 20003, HIP 14530
Spectral TypeG8V
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type main sequence Dwarf Star
Colour white to yellow
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude5.22 / 5.18
Visual / Apparent Magnitude8.39
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)03h 07m 37.78
Declination (Dec.)-72° 19` 18.7
Galactic Latitude-41.18 degrees
Galactic Longitude289.88 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth23.21 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 140.53 Light Years
 43.08 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth22.83 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 142.87 Light Years
 43.80 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,100.21 Light Years / 7,389.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-8.88 ± 0.57 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.72.54 ± 0.65 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.77
Radial Velocity-16.20 ± 0.30 km/s
Iron Abundance0.04 ± 0.03 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis8757.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)0.82

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet Count2

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature5,364 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

List of Extrasolar Planets orbiting HD 20003

NameStatusMass (Jupiters)Orbital Period (Days)EccentricityDiscoveredSemi-Major AxisPeriastronInclination
HD 20003 bConfirmed0.003111.8490.420110.09742011.000
HD 20003 cConfirmed0.00433.8230.1620110.19612011.000

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