Universe Guide

HD 30856

HD 30856 Facts

  • HD 30856 is a giant star that can be located in the constellation of Eridanus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • HD 30856 is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (K0III) of the star, the star's colour is orange to red .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • It is calculated at being 3.800 Billion Years old. This information comes from ExoPlanet.
  • HD 30856 has at least 1 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 385.08 light years away from us. Distance

HD 30856's Alternative Names

HIP22491 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD30856.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of HD 30856

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For HD 30856, the location is 04h 50m 17.85 and -24° 22` 07.7 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of HD 30856

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -18.93 ± 0.50 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 18.91 ± 0.71 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 35.46000 km/s with an error of about 0.24 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of HD 30856

HD 30856 Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of K0III , HD 30856's colour and type is orange to red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.96 which means the star's temperature is about 4,927 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

HD 30856 Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 11.01 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

HD 30856 Radius

HD 30856 estimated radius has been calculated as being 4.07 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,832,684.85.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 3.9601646844812355089279410414. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

HD 30856 Mass

The HD 30856's solar mass is 1.35 times that of our star, the Sun. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.

HD 30856 Metalicity

The star's metallicity is -0.060000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.

HD 30856 Estimated Age

The star is believed to be about 3.80 Billion years old. To put in context, the Sun is believed to be about five billion years old and the Universe is about 13.8 billion years old.

HD 30856 Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

HD 30856 has an apparent magnitude of 7.91 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.49 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.55. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to HD 30856

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 8.26000 which gave the calculated distance to HD 30856 as 394.87 light years away from Earth or 121.07 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 2,321,292,801,109,012.08, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 8.47000 which put HD 30856 at a distance of 385.08 light years or 118.06 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 24,351,453.34 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,468.00 Parsecs or 24,357.88 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to HD 30856

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736350,870,993.88
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269336,571,725.82
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54168,285,643.58
New Horizons Probe33,0007,825,486.41
Speed of Light670,616,629.00385.08

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional HD 30856 Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameHD 30856
Alternative NamesHD 30856, HIP 22491
Spectral TypeK0III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
Age3.80 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 2.49 / 2.55
Visual / Apparent Magnitude7.91
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 50m 17.85
Declination (Dec.)-24° 22` 07.7
Galactic Latitude-36.65392202 degrees
Galactic Longitude224.27201388 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth8.26000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 394.87 Light Years
 121.07 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth8.47000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 385.08 Light Years
 118.06 Parsecs
 24,351,453.34 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,357.88 Light Years / 7,468.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-18.93000 ± 0.50000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.18.91000 ± 0.71000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.96
Radial Velocity35.46000 ± 0.24 km/s
Semi-Major Axis6421.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)11.0100000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet Count1

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)3.96
Effective Temperature4,927 Kelvin
Mass Compared to the Sun1.35

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

List of Extrasolar Planets orbiting HD 30856

NameStatusMass (Jupiters)Orbital Period (Days)EccentricityDiscoveredSemi-Major AxisPeriastron
HD 30856 bConfirmed0.2912.0000.2420112180.000

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