HD 82943 is a white to yellow star that can be located in the constellation of Hydra. It is calculated at being 3.000 Billion Years old. This information comes from ExoPlanet. HIP47007 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD82943. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 164. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major. HD 82943 has at least 3 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For HD 82943, the location is 09h 34m 50.73 and -12d07`44.8 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -175.01 ± 000.32 towards the north and 003.00 ± 000.47 east if we saw them in the horizon.
HD 82943 has a spectral type of G0. This means the star is a white to yellow star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.62 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,829 Kelvin.
HD 82943 has been calculated as 1.24 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 859,324.14.km. The star's solar mass is 1.00 times that of the Sun's. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.
The star's metallicity is 0.320000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.
The star is believed to be about 3.00 Billion years old. To put in context, the Sun is believed to be about five billion years old and the Universe is about 13.8 billion years old.
HD 82943 has an apparent magnitude of 6.54 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.35 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.35. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 36.42 which gave the calculated distance to HD 82943 as 89.56 light years away from Earth or 27.46 parsecs. In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 36.40 which put HD 82943 at a distance of 89.61 light years or 27.47 parsecs.
It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 89.56 years using the 1997 distance to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Traditional Name||HD 82943|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||47007|
|Bonner Durchmusterung||BD-11 2670|
|Henry Draper Designation||82943|
|Age||3.000 Billions of Years|
|Absolute Magnitude||4.35 / 4.35|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||09h 34m 50.73|
|1997 Distance from Earth||36.42 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|89.56 Light Years|
|2007 Distance from Earth||36.40 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|89.61 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-175.01 ± 0.32 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||3.00 ± 0.47 milliarcseconds/year|
|Colour||(G) White to Yellow|
|Radius (x the Sun)||1.24|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||5,829 Kelvin|
|Mass Compared to the Sun||1.00|
|Name||Status||Mass (Jupiters)||Orbital Period (Days)||Eccentricity||Discovered||Semi-Major Axis||Periastron||Inclination|
|Hd 82943 B||Confirmed||14||442.400||0.203||2003||1.19||107.000||19.000|
|Hd 82943 C||Confirmed||14.4||219.300||0.425||2003||0.746||133.000||19.000|
|Hd 82943 D||Confirmed||0.29||1078.000||0||2013||2.145|