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Head of Hydrus (Alpha Hydri) Star Facts

Head of Hydrus Facts

  • Head of Hydrus is a main sequence star that can be located in the constellation of Hydrus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Head of Hydrus is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (F0V) of the star, the star's colour is yellow to white .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 71.79 light years away from us. Distance

Head of Hydrus's Alternative Names

Alpha Hydri (Alf Hyi) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in 1603. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation, there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR591. HIP9236 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD12311. The Gliese ID of the star is GL 83. The star was part of the original catalogue devised by German Astronomer Wilheim Gliese of stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth. Star Names

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Head of Hydrus

The location of the main sequence star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Head of Hydrus, the location is 01h 58m 45.87 and -61° 34` 11.7 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Head of Hydrus

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 26.77 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 263.66 ± 0.44 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 8.70000 km/s with an error of about 3.10 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of Head of Hydrus

Head of Hydrus Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of F0V , Head of Hydrus's colour and type is yellow to white main sequence star. The star's effective temperature is 7,201 Kelvin which is hotter than our own Sun's effective Temperature which is 5,777 Kelvin.

Head of Hydrus Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 28.79 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Head of Hydrus Radius

Head of Hydrus estimated radius has been calculated as being 3.45 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,400,532.67.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 3.4659579859413625955358103728. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Head of Hydrus Iron Abundance

Head of Hydrus Iron Abundance is 0.07 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

Head of Hydrus Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Head of Hydrus has an apparent magnitude of 2.86 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.16 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.15. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Head of Hydrus

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 45.74000 which gave the calculated distance to Head of Hydrus as 71.31 light years away from Earth or 21.86 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 419,204,775,361,723.23, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 45.43000 which put Head of Hydrus at a distance of 71.79 light years or 22.01 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 4,539,856.75 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,396.00 Parsecs or 24,123.04 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to Head of Hydrus

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Walking412,035,891,948.98
Car120401,196,398.30
Airbus A38073665,412,456.24
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.26962,746,660.94
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5431,373,289.58
New Horizons Probe33,0001,458,895.99
Speed of Light670,616,629.0071.79

Meteor Showers Radiating from near Head of Hydrus

The Alpha Hydrids Meteor Shower radiants from a point near this star. The meteor shower runs typically between 15-30 Jan with a peak date of 20/21 Jan. The speed of a meteor in the shower is 43 Km/s.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Head of Hydrus Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameHead of Hydrus
Alternative NamesAlpha Hydri, Alf Hyi, HD 12311, HIP 9236, HR 591, Gliese 83
Spectral TypeF0V
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type Main Sequence Dwarf Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationHydrus
Absolute Magnitude 1.16 / 1.15
Visual / Apparent Magnitude2.86
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)01h 58m 45.87
Declination (Dec.)-61° 34` 11.7
Galactic Latitude-53.76025648 degrees
Galactic Longitude289.44677883 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth45.74000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 71.31 Light Years
 21.86 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth45.43000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 71.79 Light Years
 22.01 Parsecs
 4,539,856.75 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,123.04 Light Years / 7,396.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.26.77000 ± 0.38000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.263.66000 ± 0.44000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.29
Radial Velocity8.70000 ± 3.10 km/s
Iron Abundance0.0700 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.06340
Inclination42.50000
Semi-Major Axis6988.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)28.7900000
Orbital Period (Days)605.96280
Argument Of Periastron233.96000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)3.47
Effective Temperature7,270 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Location of Head of Hydrus in Hydrus


Head of Hydrus Location in Hydrus

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

Hydrus Main Stars


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