Universe Guide


HIP 5158

HIP 5158 is a orange to red star that can be located in the constellation of Cetus. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it. It is calculated at being 6.000 Billion Years old. This information comes from ExoPlanet.

HIP5158 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. HIP 5158 has at least 2 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.

Location of HIP 5158

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For HIP 5158, the location is 01h 06m 01.92 and -22d27`10.4 .

Proper Motion of HIP 5158

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -106.84 ± 1.45 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 202.62 ± 2.14 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Metallicity, Age, Mass, Radius) of HIP 5158

HIP 5158 has a spectral type of K5. This means the star is a orange to red star. The star is 7404.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24149.1339897600000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,973 Kelvin.

HIP 5158 Radius has been calculated as being 0.52 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 364,823.81.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 0.48. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's solar mass is 0.78 times that of the Sun's. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.

The star's metallicity is 0.100000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.

The star is believed to be about 6.00 Billion years old. To put in context, the Sun is believed to be about five billion years old and the Universe is about 13.8 billion years old.

HIP 5158 Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

HIP 5158 has an apparent magnitude of 10.16 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 6.90 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 7.09. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to HIP 5158

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 22.32 which gave the calculated distance to HIP 5158 as 146.13 light years away from Earth or 44.80 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 146.13 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 24.28 which put HIP 5158 at a distance of 134.33 light years or 41.19 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,404.00 Parsecs or 24,149.13 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

HIP 5158 Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameHIP 5158
Hipparcos Library I.D.5158

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Age6.00 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude6.90 / 7.09
Visual / Apparent Magnitude10.16
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 4.5 - 6 Inch Telescope - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)01h 06m 01.92
Declination (Dec.)-22d27`10.4
Galactic Latitude-84.27 degrees
Galactic Longitude159.03 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth22.32 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 146.13 Light Years
 44.80 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth24.28 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 134.33 Light Years
 41.19 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,149.13 Light Years / 7,404.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-106.84 ± 1.45 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.202.62 ± 2.14 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.00
Radial Velocity14.91 ± 0.00 km/s
Spectral TypeK5
Colour(K) Orange to Red

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet Count2

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature4,973 Kelvin
Mass Compared to the Sun0.78

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

List of Extrasolar Planets orbiting HIP 5158

NameStatusMass (Jupiters)Orbital Period (Days)EccentricityDiscoveredSemi-Major AxisPeriastron
Hip 5158 BConfirmed1.44345.6300.5420090.8970.000
Hip 5158 CConfirmed15.049018.0000.1420107.7142.000

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