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Iota Canis Majoris, 20 Canis Majoris, HD51309, HIP33347

Iota Canis Majoris is a blue luminous giant star that can be located in the constellation of CanisMajor. Iota Canis Majoris is the brightest star in Canis Major based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Iota Canis Majoris is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP33347 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD51309.

Location of Iota Canis Majoris

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Iota Canis Majoris, the location is 06h 56m 08.23 and -17d03`15.3 .

Proper Motion of Iota Canis Majoris

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 2.42 ± 0.15 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -3.56 ± 0.20 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Iota Canis Majoris

Iota Canis Majoris has a spectral type of B3Ib/II. This means the star is a blue luminous giant star. The star is 7910.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 25799.5205104000000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.06 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 12,136 Kelvin.

Iota Canis Majoris Radius has been calculated as being 26.72 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 18,590,487.96.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 21.82. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.04 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

Iota Canis Majoris Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Iota Canis Majoris has an apparent magnitude of 4.36 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -5.51 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -5.07. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Iota Canis Majoris

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.06 which gave the calculated distance to Iota Canis Majoris as 3077.01 light years away from Earth or 943.40 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 3077.01 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.30 which put Iota Canis Majoris at a distance of 2508.95 light years or 769.23 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,910.00 Parsecs or 25,799.52 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Iota Canis Majoris Facts

Alternative Names

Flamsteed Name20 Canis Majoris
Flamsteed Short Name20 CMa
Bayer DesignationIota Canis Majoris
Hipparcos Library I.D.33347
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-16 1661
Henry Draper Designation51309

Visual Facts

Star Typeluminous giant star
Absolute Magnitude-5.51 / -5.07
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.36
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)06h 56m 08.23
Declination (Dec.)-17d03`15.3
Galactic Latitude-6.68 degrees
Galactic Longitude228.70 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth1.06 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 3077.01 Light Years
 943.40 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth1.30 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2508.95 Light Years
 769.23 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance25,799.52 Light Years / 7,910.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.2.42 ± 0.15 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-3.56 ± 0.20 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.06
Radial Velocity41.20 ± 1.60 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.04 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Spectral TypeB3Ib/II
Colour(B) blue

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature12,136 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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