Universe Guide


Izar, Epsilon Bootes, 36 Bootis, HD129988, HIP72105, HR5506

Izar (Epsilon Bootes) is a blue star that can be located in the constellation of Bootes. Izar is the 75th brightest star in the night sky and the 2nd brightest star in Bootes based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Epsilon Bootes is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR5506. HIP72105 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD129988. In Arabic, it is known as Al-Izar.

It is a binary star, the companion star is known as HD129989 however as I don`t know the Hipparcos ID for the star, it is not available as yet on this site.

Location of Izar

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Izar, the location is 14h 44m 59.25 and +27d04`27.0 .

Proper Motion of Izar

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 21.07 ± 0.37 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -50.95 ± 0.66 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Izar

Izar has a spectral type of A0. This means the star is a blue star. The star is 7380.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24070.8547872000000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.96 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,060 Kelvin.

Izar Radius has been calculated as being 26.46 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 18,412,102.68.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 25.62. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Izar Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Izar has an apparent magnitude of 2.35 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.69 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.62. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Izar

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 15.55 which gave the calculated distance to Izar as 209.75 light years away from Earth or 64.31 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 209.75 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 16.10 which put Izar at a distance of 202.59 light years or 62.11 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,380.00 Parsecs or 24,070.85 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Izar Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameIzar
Flamsteed Name36 Bootis
Flamsteed Short Name36 Boo
Arabic NameAl-Izar
English MeaningThe loin-cloth
Bayer DesignationEpsilon Bootes
Hipparcos Library I.D.72105
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id5506
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+27 2417
Henry Draper Designation129988

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Absolute Magnitude-1.69 / -1.62
Visual / Apparent Magnitude2.35
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)14h 44m 59.25
Declination (Dec.)+27d04`27.0
Galactic Latitude64.78 degrees
Galactic Longitude39.38 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth15.55 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 209.75 Light Years
 64.31 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth16.10 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 202.59 Light Years
 62.11 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,070.85 Light Years / 7,380.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.21.07 ± 0.37 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-50.95 ± 0.66 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.96
Radial Velocity-16.20 ± 0.40 km/s
Spectral TypeA0
Brightest in Night Sky75th
Colour(A) blue

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature5,060 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
129989+27 2417.0A2.70000-44.000008.00000K0Orange

Location of Izar in Bootes

Izar (Epsilon Bootes) Location in Bootes

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

Add a Comment

Email: (Optional)