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Kappa Cassiopeiae, 15 Cassiopeiae, HD2905, HIP2599, HR130

Kappa Cassiopeiae is a blue pulsating supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Cassiopeia. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Kappa Cassiopeiae's Alternative Names

Kappa Cassiopeiae (Kap Cas) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR130. HIP2599 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD2905.

Kappa Cassiopeiae has alternative name(s) :- , kap Cas.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 15 Cassiopeiae with it shortened to 15 Cas.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+62 102.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Kappa Cassiopeiae

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Kappa Cassiopeiae, the location is 00h 32m 59.99 and +62° 55` 54.4 .

Proper Motion of Kappa Cassiopeiae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -2.07 ± 0.13 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 3.65 ± 0.17 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 0.30000 km/s with an error of about 0.80 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Kappa Cassiopeiae

Kappa Cassiopeiae has a spectral type of B1Ia. This means the star is a blue supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.1 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 8,434 Kelvin.

Kappa Cassiopeiae Radius has been calculated as being 81.08 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 56,413,478.57.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 87.68. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Kappa Cassiopeiae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Kappa Cassiopeiae has an apparent magnitude of 4.17 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -6.34 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -6.51. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Kappa Cassiopeiae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.79 which gave the calculated distance to Kappa Cassiopeiae as 4128.65 light years away from Earth or 1265.82 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 4128.65 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.73 which put Kappa Cassiopeiae at a distance of 4467.99 light years or 1369.86 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Variable Type of Kappa Cassiopeiae

The star is a pulsating Alpha Cygnus variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Kappa Cassiopeiae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 4.249 to a magnitude of 4.177 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Kappa Cassiopeiae Facts

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameKappa Cassiopeiae
Alternative NamesKap Cas, HD 2905, HIP 2599, HR 130, 15 Cassiopeiae, 15 Cas, BD+62 102, kap Cas
Spectral TypeB1Ia
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type very luminous Supergiant Star
Colour blue
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude-6.34 / -6.51
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.17
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)00h 32m 59.99
Declination (Dec.)+62° 55` 54.4
Galactic Latitude0.14 degrees
Galactic Longitude120.84 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.79 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 4128.65 Light Years
 1265.82 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth0.73 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 4467.99 Light Years
 1369.86 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-2.07 ± 0.13 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.3.65 ± 0.17 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.10
Radial Velocity0.30 ± 0.80 km/s

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeAlpha Cygnus
Mean Variability Period in Days0.057
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)4.177 - 4.249

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature8,434 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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