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LY Aurigae - HD35921 - HIP25733

LY Aurigae is a blue eclipsing giant star that can be located in the constellation of Auriga. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

HIP25733 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD35921.

LY Aurigae has alternative name(s), LY_Aur.

Location of LY Aurigae

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For LY Aurigae, the location is 05h 29m 42.65 and +35d22`30.1 .

Proper Motion of LY Aurigae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -1.17 ± 1.61 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -0.20 ± 2.40 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of LY Aurigae

LY Aurigae has a spectral type of O9.5III. This means the star is a blue giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.13 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 8,224 Kelvin.

LY Aurigae Radius has been calculated as being 11.40 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 7,929,411.70.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 6.18. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

LY Aurigae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

LY Aurigae has an apparent magnitude of 6.78 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.97 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.64. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to LY Aurigae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.78 which gave the calculated distance to LY Aurigae as 1832.38 light years away from Earth or 561.80 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1832.38 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 3.28 which put LY Aurigae at a distance of 994.40 light years or 304.88 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Variable Type of LY Aurigae

The star is a eclipsing Beta Lyrae (Sheliak)/Semi-Detached System (subtype) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. This is a some uncertainty as to the type but the type mentioned is the current variable star classification for this star. LY Aurigae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 7.000 to a magnitude of 7.000 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 4.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

LY Aurigae Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameLY Aurigae
Short NameLY Aur
Hipparcos Library I.D.25733
Bonner DurchmusterungBDD+35 1137
Henry Draper Designation35921

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude-1.97 / -0.64
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.78
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Ref: Wiki
Right Ascension (R.A.)05h 29m 42.65
Declination (Dec.)+35d22`30.1
Galactic Latitude0.61 degrees
Galactic Longitude172.76 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth1.78 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1832.38 Light Years
 561.80 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth3.28 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 994.40 Light Years
 304.88 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-1.17 ± 1.61 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-0.20 ± 2.40 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.13
Radial Velocity5.40 ± 1.50 km/s
Spectral TypeO9.5III
Colour(O) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing
Variable Star TypeBeta Lyrae (Sheliak)/Semi-Detached System (subtype) probably
Mean Variability Period in Days4.000

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature8,224 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
35921+35 1137.0A6.90000-3.000001.00000B5Blue/White
B8.400001960

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