Markab (Alpha Pegasi) is a blue giant star that can be located in the constellation of Pegasus. It is the 91st brightest star in the night sky. Alpha Pegasi is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8781. HIP113963 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD218045. Markab has alternative name(s), 54 Pegasi, Markab , 54 Peg. In Arabic, it is known as Mankib al-Faras.
Its name Markab is also shared with Tau Pegasi in the same constellation.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Markab, the location is 23h 04m 45.62 and +15d12`19.3 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -041.30 ± 000.11 towards the north and 060.40 ± 000.19 east if we saw them in the horizon.
Markab has a spectral type of B9.5III. This means the star is a blue giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 9,531 Kelvin.
Markab has been calculated as 4.66 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 3,244,273.57.km.
Markab has an apparent magnitude of 2.49 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.67 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.57. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 23.36 which gave the calculated distance to Markab as 139.62 light years away from Earth or 42.81 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 139.62 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 24.46 which put Markab at a distance of 133.35 light years or 40.88 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The Pegasids Meteor Shower radiants from a point near this star. The meteor shower runs typically between July 7-13 with a peak date of July 9th. The speed of a meteor in the shower is 70 Km/s. The amount of meteors predicted to be seen per hour (Zenith Hourly Rate) is 70. p>
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Short Name||54 Peg|
|Arabic Name||Mankib al-Faras|
|English Meaning||'The shoulder' of the horse|
|Bayer Designation||Alpha Pegasi|
|Alternative Name(s)||54 Pegasi, Markab|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||113963|
|Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id||8781|
|Bonner Durchmusterung||BD+14 4926|
|Henry Draper Designation||218045|
|Star Type||giant star|
|Absolute Magnitude||-0.67 / -0.57|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||23h 04m 45.62|
|1997 Distance from Earth||23.36 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|139.62 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||24.46 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|133.35 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-41.30 ± 0.11 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||60.40 ± 0.19 milliarcseconds/year|
|Brightest in Night Sky||91st|
|Radius (x the Sun)||4.66|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||9,531 Kelvin|
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.