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Miram, Eta Persei, 15 Persei, HD17506, HIP13268, HR834

Miram Location in Perseus

Primary Facts on Miram

  • Miram's star type is supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Perseus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Miram is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (K3Ib comp SB) of the star, the star's colour is orange to red .
  • Eta Persei is the Bayer name for the star. It was assigned this name by Johann Bayer in 1603. The closer to the start of the Greek Alphabet the name, the brighter the star is. Alpha stars tend to be the brightest in the constellation. A notable exception is Pollux (Beta Geminorum) which is the brighest star in the Gemini constellation.
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 879.15 light years away from us.

Miram's Alternative Names

Eta Persei (Eta Per) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR834. HIP13268 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD17506.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 15 Persei with it shortened to 15 Per.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+55 714.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Miram

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Miram, the location is 02h 50m 41.79 and +55° 53` 43.9 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Miram

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -13.54 ± 0.14 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 16.23 ± 0.21 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -1.07 km/s with an error of about 0.27 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Miram

Miram has a spectral type of K3Ib comp SB. This means the star is a orange to red supergiant star. The star is 7,605.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or in terms of Light Years is 24,804.72 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.69 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,492 Kelvin.

Miram Radius has been calculated as being 183.15 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 127,432,845.04.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 121.00. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.04 with an error value of 0.04 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

Miram Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Miram has an apparent magnitude of 3.77 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.28 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.38. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Miram

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.45 which gave the calculated distance to Miram as 1331.28 light years away from Earth or 408.16 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1331.28 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 3.71 which put Miram at a distance of 879.15 light years or 269.54 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 55,596,228.48 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,605.00 Parsecs or 24,804.72 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*. Miram brightness ranges from a magnitude of 3.913 to a magnitude of 3.882 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.0 days (variability).

Meteor Showers Radiating from near Miram

The Perseids Meteor Shower radiants from a point near this star. The meteor shower runs typically between July 23-August 22 with a peak date of Aug. 12/13. The speed of a meteor in the shower is 59 Km/s. The amount of meteors predicted to be seen per hour (Zenith Hourly Rate) is 59.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Miram Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameMiram
Alternative NamesEta Persei, Eta Per, HD 17506, HIP 13268, HR 834, 15 Persei, 15 Per, BD+55 714
Spectral TypeK3Ib comp SB
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type very luminous Supergiant Star
Colour orange to red
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationPerseus
Absolute Magnitude -4.28 / -3.38
Visual / Apparent Magnitude3.77
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)02h 50m 41.79
Declination (Dec.)+55° 53` 43.9
Galactic Latitude-3.18 degrees
Galactic Longitude139.14 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.45 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1331.28 Light Years
 408.16 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth3.71 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 879.15 Light Years
 269.54 Parsecs
 55,596,228.48 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,804.72 Light Years / 7,605.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-13.54 ± 0.14 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.16.23 ± 0.21 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.69
Radial Velocity-1.07 ± 0.27 km/s
Iron Abundance0.04 ± 0.04 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.06
Semi-Major Axis7259.00

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Mean Variability Period in Days0.019
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)3.882 - 3.913

Estimated Facts


Calculated Effective Temperature3,492 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
17506+55 714.0A3.9000019.00000-11.00000K0Orange
237009+55 712.0B7.9000018.00000-9.00000A0White1836
C9.900001878
CD10.400001904
E1821

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