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Mu2 Octantis, HD196067, HIP102125, HR7864

Mu2 Octantis is a white to yellow main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Octans. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it. The star has an estimated age of 5.00 Billion of Years but could be as young as 4.00 to 5.90 according to Hipparcos. Mu2 Octantis has at least 1 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.

Mu2 Octantis's Alternative Names

Mu2 Octantis (Mu.02 Oct) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR7864. HIP102125 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD196067.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Mu2 Octantis

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Mu2 Octantis, the location is 20h 41m 43.74 and -75° 21` 01.5 .

Proper Motion of Mu2 Octantis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -158.45 ± 1.99 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 149.53 ± 2.62 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -10.90000 km/s with an error of about 0.20 km/s .

Mu2 Octantis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 4.19 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age) of Mu2 Octantis

Mu2 Octantis has a spectral type of G1V. This means the star is a white to yellow main sequence dwarf star. The star is 7,373.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24,048.02 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.62 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,824 Kelvin.

Mu2 Octantis Radius has been calculated as being 2.00 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,389,672.94.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.03. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.18 with an error value of 0.08 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 5.00 Billion years old but could be between 4.00 and 5.90 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

Mu2 Octantis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Mu2 Octantis has an apparent magnitude of 6.51 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.31 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.28. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Mu2 Octantis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 22.95 which gave the calculated distance to Mu2 Octantis as 142.12 light years away from Earth or 43.57 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 142.12 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 22.59 which put Mu2 Octantis at a distance of 144.38 light years or 44.27 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,373.00 Parsecs or 24,048.02 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Mu2 Octantis Facts

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameMu2 Octantis
Alternative NamesMu.02 Oct, HD 196067, HIP 102125, HR 7864
Spectral TypeG1V
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type main sequence Dwarf Star
Colour white to yellow
GalaxyMilky Way
Age5.00 Billion Years Old
Age Range4.00 - 5.90 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude3.31 / 3.28
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.51
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)20h 41m 43.74
Declination (Dec.)-75° 21` 01.5
Galactic Latitude-33.05 degrees
Galactic Longitude318.44 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth22.95 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 142.12 Light Years
 43.57 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth22.59 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 144.38 Light Years
 44.27 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,048.02 Light Years / 7,373.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-158.45 ± 1.99 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.149.53 ± 2.62 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.62
Radial Velocity-10.90 ± 0.20 km/s
Iron Abundance0.18 ± 0.08 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis7148.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)4.19
Associated / Clustered StarsMu1 Octantis

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet Count1

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature5,824 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

List of Extrasolar Planets orbiting Mu2 Octantis

NameStatusMass (Jupiters)Orbital Period (Days)EccentricityDiscoveredSemi-Major AxisPeriastronInclination
HD 196067 bConfirmed1.13638.0000.6620115.02148.2002011.000

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