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Omega Serpentis, 34 Serpentis, HD141680, HIP77578, HR5888

Omega Serpentis is a white to yellow giant star that can be located in the constellation of Serpens. Omega Serpentis is the brightest star in Serpens based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Omega Serpentis is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR5888. HIP77578 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD141680. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 28 Cap. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major. Omega Serpentis has at least 1 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.

Location of Omega Serpentis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Omega Serpentis, the location is 15h 50m 17.53 and +02d 11` 47.8 .

Proper Motion of Omega Serpentis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -47.31 ± 0.18 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 29.15 ± 0.28 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -3.79000 km/s with an error of about 0.23 km/s .

Omega Serpentis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 113.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Mass, Radius) of Omega Serpentis

Omega Serpentis has a spectral type of G8III. This means the star is a white to yellow giant star. The star is 7338.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23933.8661827200000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.01 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,830 Kelvin.

Omega Serpentis Radius has been calculated as being 9.75 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 6,784,016.46.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 10.16. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's solar mass is 2.17 times that of the Sun's. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.

The star's metallicity is -0.240000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.

Omega Serpentis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Omega Serpentis has an apparent magnitude of 5.21 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.68 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.59. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Omega Serpentis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 12.40 which gave the calculated distance to Omega Serpentis as 263.03 light years away from Earth or 80.65 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 263.03 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 11.93 which put Omega Serpentis at a distance of 273.40 light years or 83.82 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,338.00 Parsecs or 23,933.87 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Omega Serpentis Facts

Alternative Names

Flamsteed Name34 Serpentis
Flamsteed Short Name34 Ser
Bayer DesignationOmega Serpentis
Hipparcos Library I.D.77578
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id5888
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+02 3007
Gould I.D.28 Cap
Henry Draper Designation141680

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude0.68 / 0.59
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.21
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)15h 50m 17.53
Declination (Dec.)+02d 11` 47.8
Galactic Latitude40.50 degrees
Galactic Longitude10.54 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth12.40 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 263.03 Light Years
 80.65 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth11.93 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 273.40 Light Years
 83.82 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,933.87 Light Years / 7,338.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-47.31 ± 0.18 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.29.15 ± 0.28 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.01
Radial Velocity-3.79 ± 0.23 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.20 ± 0.03 Fe/H
Spectral TypeG8III
Colour(G) White to Yellow

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet Count1

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)113.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature4,830 Kelvin
Mass Compared to the Sun2.17

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

List of Extrasolar Planets orbiting Omega Serpentis

NameStatusMass (Jupiters)Orbital Period (Days)EccentricityDiscoveredSemi-Major AxisPeriastronInclination
ome Ser bConfirmed277.0200.10620131.1132.0002013.000

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