Omicron2 Canis Majoris is a blue pulsating supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Canis Major. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
Omicron2 Canis Majoris (Omi02 Cma) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR2653. HIP33977 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD53138.
Omicron2 Canis Majoris has alternative name(s) :- , omi02 CMa.
Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 24 Canis Majoris with it shortened to 24 CMa.
More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Omicron2 Canis Majoris, the location is 07h 03m 01.47 and -23° 49` 59.9 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 3.61 ± 0.37 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -2.21 ± 0.40 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 48.40000 km/s with an error of about 0.60 km/s .
Omicron2 Canis Majoris has a spectral type of B3Ia. This means the star is a blue supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.07 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 12,523 Kelvin.
Omicron2 Canis Majoris Radius has been calculated as being 38.86 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 27,041,731.13.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 41.84. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
Omicron2 Canis Majoris has an apparent magnitude of 3.02 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -6.46 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -6.62. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.27 which gave the calculated distance to Omicron2 Canis Majoris as 2568.22 light years away from Earth or 787.40 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 2568.22 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.18 which put Omicron2 Canis Majoris at a distance of 2764.10 light years or 847.46 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The star is a pulsating Alpha Cygnus variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Omicron2 Canis Majoris brightness ranges from a magnitude of 3.036 to a magnitude of 2.988 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 24.4 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||Omicron2 Canis Majoris|
|Alternative Names||Omi02 Cma, HD 53138, HIP 33977, HR 2653, 24 Canis Majoris, 24 CMa, omi02 CMa|
|Multiple Star System||Yes|
|Star Type||very luminous Supergiant Star|
|Absolute Magnitude||-6.46 / -6.62|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||3.02|
|Naked Eye Visible||Yes - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||07h 03m 01.47|
|Declination (Dec.)||-23° 49` 59.9|
|Galactic Latitude||-8.23 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||235.55 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||1.27 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|2568.22 Light Years|
|2007 Distance from Earth||1.18 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|2764.10 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||3.61 ± 0.37 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-2.21 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||48.40 ± 0.60 km/s|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Alpha Cygnus|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||24.440|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||2.988 - 3.036|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||12,523 Kelvin|