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Psi2 Aquarii (93 Aquarii)

Primary Facts on Psi2 Aquarii

Psi2 Aquarii's Alternative Names

Psi2 Aquarii (Psi02 Aqr) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8858. HIP115033 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD219688.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 93 Aquarii with it shortened to 93 Aqr.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 222 G. Aquarii. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD-09 6160.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Psi2 Aquarii

The location of the main sequence star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Psi2 Aquarii, the location is 23h 17m 54.20 and -09° 10` 57.0 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Psi2 Aquarii

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -11.70 ± 0.25 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 17.13 ± 0.38 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -5.00 km/s with an error of about 3.50 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Psi2 Aquarii Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 564.69 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Psi2 Aquarii

Psi2 Aquarii has a spectral type of B5Vn. This means the star is a blue main sequence star. The star is 7,379.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or in terms of Light Years is 24,067.59 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.14 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 13,196 Kelvin.

Psi2 Aquarii Radius has been calculated as being 2.31 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,608,824.66.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.88. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Psi2 Aquarii Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Psi2 Aquarii has an apparent magnitude of 4.41 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.56 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.04. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Psi2 Aquarii

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 10.13 which gave the calculated distance to Psi2 Aquarii as 321.98 light years away from Earth or 98.72 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 321.98 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 8.12 which put Psi2 Aquarii at a distance of 401.68 light years or 123.15 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 25,401,333.89 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,379.00 Parsecs or 24,067.59 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Psi2 Aquarii Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NamePsi2 Aquarii
Alternative NamesPsi02 Aqr, HD 219688, HIP 115033, HR 8858, 222 G. Aquarii, 93 Aquarii, 93 Aqr, BD-09 6160
Spectral TypeB5Vn
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type main sequence Dwarf Star
Colour blue
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationAquarius
Absolute Magnitude -0.56 / -1.04
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.41
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)23h 17m 54.20
Declination (Dec.)-09° 10` 57.0
Galactic Latitude-61.54 degrees
Galactic Longitude67.62 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth10.13 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 321.98 Light Years
 98.72 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth8.12 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 401.68 Light Years
 123.15 Parsecs
 25,401,333.89 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,067.59 Light Years / 7,379.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-11.70 ± 0.25 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.17.13 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.14
Radial Velocity-5.00 ± 3.50 km/s
Eccentricity0.04
Semi-Major Axis7605.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)564.69
Associated / Clustered StarsPsi1 Aquarii
Psi3 Aquarii

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)2.88
Effective Temperature13,196 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars


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