Universe Guide


QZ Velorum, HD85871, HIP48469

QZ Velorum is a blue main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Vela. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

HIP48469 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD85871.

QZ Velorum has alternative name(s), QZ Vel.

Location of QZ Velorum

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For QZ Velorum, the location is 09h 53m 00.11 and -55d22`23.6 .

Proper Motion of QZ Velorum

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 4.08 ± 0.21 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -11.84 ± 0.27 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

QZ Velorum Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 5550.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of QZ Velorum

QZ Velorum has a spectral type of B1V. This means the star is a blue main sequence dwarf star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.14 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 13,196 Kelvin.

QZ Velorum Radius has been calculated as being 19.50 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 13,569,197.68.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 7.28. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

QZ Velorum Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

QZ Velorum has an apparent magnitude of 6.50 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -5.19 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.05. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to QZ Velorum

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.46 which gave the calculated distance to QZ Velorum as 7090.51 light years away from Earth or 2173.91 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 7090.51 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.23 which put QZ Velorum at a distance of 2651.73 light years or 813.01 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated. QZ Velorum brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.466 to a magnitude of 6.420 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 1.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

QZ Velorum Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameQZ Velorum
Short NameQZ Vel
Hipparcos Library I.D.48469
Henry Draper Designation85871

Visual Facts

Star Typemain sequence dwarf star
Absolute Magnitude-5.19 / -3.05
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.50
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)09h 53m 00.11
Declination (Dec.)-55d22`23.6
Galactic Latitude-0.87 degrees
Galactic Longitude279.41 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.46 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 7090.51 Light Years
 2173.91 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth1.23 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2651.73 Light Years
 813.01 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.4.08 ± 0.21 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-11.84 ± 0.27 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.14
Radial Velocity-18.00 ± 7.40 km/s
Spectral TypeB1V
Colour(B) blue

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days1.031
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.420 - 6.466

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)5,550.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature13,196 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Add a Comment

Email: (Optional)