Universe Guide


Rho3 Eridani, 10 Eridani, HD19107, HIP14293

Rho3 Eridani is a blue main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Eridanus. Rho3 Eridani is the brightest star in Eridanus based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Rho3 Eridani is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP14293 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD19107. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 57. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

Location of Rho3 Eridani

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Rho3 Eridani, the location is 03h 04m 16.48 and -07d36`03.2 .

Proper Motion of Rho3 Eridani

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 17.43 ± 0.26 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 67.56 ± 0.40 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Rho3 Eridani

Rho3 Eridani has a spectral type of A8V. This means the star is a blue main sequence dwarf star. The star is 7425.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24217.6282920000000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.19 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,827 Kelvin.

Rho3 Eridani Radius has been calculated as being 1.94 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,349,511.67.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.87. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Rho3 Eridani Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Rho3 Eridani has an apparent magnitude of 5.26 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.09 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.17. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Rho3 Eridani

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 23.22 which gave the calculated distance to Rho3 Eridani as 140.47 light years away from Earth or 43.07 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 140.47 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 24.06 which put Rho3 Eridani at a distance of 135.56 light years or 41.56 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,425.00 Parsecs or 24,217.63 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Rho3 Eridani Facts

Alternative Names

Flamsteed Name10 Eridani
Flamsteed Short Name10 Eri
Bayer DesignationRho3 Eridani
Hipparcos Library I.D.14293
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-08 572
Gould I.D.57
Henry Draper Designation19107

Visual Facts

Star Typemain sequence dwarf star
Absolute Magnitude2.09 / 2.17
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.26
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)03h 04m 16.48
Declination (Dec.)-07d36`03.2
Galactic Latitude-52.98 degrees
Galactic Longitude187.30 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth23.22 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 140.47 Light Years
 43.07 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth24.06 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 135.56 Light Years
 41.56 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,217.63 Light Years / 7,425.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.17.43 ± 0.26 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.67.56 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.19
Radial Velocity15.00 ± 4.20 km/s
Spectral TypeA8V
Colour(A) blue

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature7,827 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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