Universe Guide


R Pictoris - HD30551 - HIP22170

R Pictoris is a orange to red pulsating luminous giant star that can be located in the constellation of Pictor. HIP22170 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD30551. R Pictoris has alternative name(s), R_Pic.

Location of R Pictoris

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For R Pictoris, the location is 04h 46m 09.51 and -49d14`45.4 .

Proper Motion of R Pictoris

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 036.85 ± 000.48 towards the north and 036.52 ± 000.54 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of R Pictoris

R Pictoris has a spectral type of K2/K3II:pe. This means the star is a orange to red luminous giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.47 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,076 Kelvin.

R Pictoris has been calculated as 26.82 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 18,660,665.89.km.

R Pictoris Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

R Pictoris has an apparent magnitude of 7.48 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.78 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.07. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to R Pictoris

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.23 which gave the calculated distance to R Pictoris as 1462.62 light years away from Earth or 448.43 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1462.62 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.49 which put R Pictoris at a distance of 6656.39 light years or 2040.82 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Variable Type of R Pictoris

The star is a pulsating Semiregular s, which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. R Pictoris brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.000 to a magnitude of 7.000 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 165.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

R Pictoris Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional NameR Pictoris
Short NameR Pic
Hipparcos Library I.D.22170
Henry Draper Designation30551

Visual Facts

Star Typeluminous giant star
Absolute Magnitude-0.78 / -4.07
Apparent Magnitude7.48
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 46m 09.51
Declination (Dec.)-49d14`45.4
1997 Distance from Earth2.23 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1462.62 Light Years
 448.43 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth0.49 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 6656.39 Light Years
 2040.82 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.36.85 ± 0.48 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.36.52 ± 0.54 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.47
Spectral TypeK2/K3II:pe
Colour(K) Orange to Red

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSemiregular s, which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral
Mean Variability Period in Days165.000
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)7.000 - 9.000

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)26.82
Calculated Effective Temperature4,076 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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