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RR Coronae Borealis, HD140297, HIP76844

RR Coronae Borealis is a red pulsating star that can be located in the constellation of CoronaBorealis. RR Coronae Borealis is the brightest star in Corona Borealis based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

HIP76844 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD140297.

RR Coronae Borealis has alternative name(s), RR CrB.

Location of RR Coronae Borealis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For RR Coronae Borealis, the location is 15h 41m 26.21 and +38d 33` 26.9 .

Proper Motion of RR Coronae Borealis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -32.44 ± 0.46 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 20.24 ± 0.53 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of RR Coronae Borealis

RR Coronae Borealis has a spectral type of M5. This means the star is a red star. The star is 7314.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23855.5869801600000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.31 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,369 Kelvin.

RR Coronae Borealis Radius has been calculated as being 13.19 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 9,175,277.85.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 16.52. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

RR Coronae Borealis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

RR Coronae Borealis has an apparent magnitude of 7.64 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.46 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.03. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to RR Coronae Borealis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.67 which gave the calculated distance to RR Coronae Borealis as 888.73 light years away from Earth or 272.48 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 888.73 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.93 which put RR Coronae Borealis at a distance of 1113.19 light years or 341.30 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,314.00 Parsecs or 23,855.59 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of RR Coronae Borealis

The star is a pulsating Semiregular late- (M, C, S or Me, Ce, Se) giants with poorly defined periodicity variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. RR Coronae Borealis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 7.526 to a magnitude of 7.267 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 59.8 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

RR Coronae Borealis Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameRR Coronae Borealis
Short NameRR CrB
Hipparcos Library I.D.76844
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+39 2901
Henry Draper Designation140297

Visual Facts

Star Type star
ConstellationCorona Borealis
Absolute Magnitude0.46 / -0.03
Visual / Apparent Magnitude7.64
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)15h 41m 26.21
Declination (Dec.)+38d 33` 26.9
Galactic Latitude52.88 degrees
Galactic Longitude61.85 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth3.67 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 888.73 Light Years
 272.48 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth2.93 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1113.19 Light Years
 341.30 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,855.59 Light Years / 7,314.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-32.44 ± 0.46 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.20.24 ± 0.53 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.31
Radial Velocity-58.39 ± 1.44 km/s
Spectral TypeM5
Colour(M) Red

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSemiregular late- (M, C, S or Me, Ce, Se) giants with poorly defined periodicity
Mean Variability Period in Days59.800
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)7.267 - 7.526

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature4,369 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
140297+39 2901.0A8.5000044.00000-175.00000M4Red

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