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RZ Pyxidis, HD75920, HIP43541

RZ Pyxidis is a blue eclipsing variable star that can be located in the constellation of Pyxis. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

RZ Pyxidis's Alternative Names

HIP43541 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD75920.

RZ Pyxidis has alternative name(s) :- , RZ Pyx.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of RZ Pyxidis

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For RZ Pyxidis, the location is 08h 52m 04.40 and -27° 29` 01.5 .

Proper Motion of RZ Pyxidis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 4.61 ± 0.96 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -4.67 ± 1.27 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 22.00000 km/s with an error of about 7.40 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of RZ Pyxidis

RZ Pyxidis has a spectral type of B6p. This means the star is a blue variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.07 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 12,523 Kelvin.

RZ Pyxidis Radius has been calculated as being 1.10 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 765,523.46.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.11. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

RZ Pyxidis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

RZ Pyxidis has an apparent magnitude of 9.12 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.28 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.26. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to RZ Pyxidis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.71 which gave the calculated distance to RZ Pyxidis as 1203.55 light years away from Earth or 369.00 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1203.55 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.68 which put RZ Pyxidis at a distance of 1217.03 light years or 373.13 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Variable Type of RZ Pyxidis

The star is a eclipsing Beta Lyrae (Sheliak)/Contact Systems of early (O-A) Spectral Type (subtype) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. RZ Pyxidis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.746 to a magnitude of 8.925 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.7 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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RZ Pyxidis Facts

Visual Facts

 RZ Pyxidis
Alternative NamesHD 75920, HIP 43541, RZ Pyx
Spectral TypeB6p
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
Colour blue
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude1.28 / 1.26
Visual / Apparent Magnitude9.12
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)08h 52m 04.40
Declination (Dec.)-27° 29` 01.5
Galactic Latitude10.73 degrees
Galactic Longitude251.61 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.71 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1203.55 Light Years
 369.00 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth2.68 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1217.03 Light Years
 373.13 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.4.61 ± 0.96 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-4.67 ± 1.27 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.07
Radial Velocity22.00 ± 7.40 km/s

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing
Variable Star TypeBeta Lyrae (Sheliak)/Contact Systems of early (O-A) Spectral Type (subtype)
Mean Variability Period in Days0.656
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)8.925 - 9.746

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature12,523 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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