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Sigma Piscium, 69 Piscium, HD6118, HIP4889, HR291

Sigma Piscium is a blue main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Pisces. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Sigma Piscium's Alternative Names

Sigma Piscium (Sig Psc) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR291. HIP4889 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD6118.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 69 Piscium with it shortened to 69 Psc.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+31 168.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Sigma Piscium

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Sigma Piscium, the location is 01h 02m 49.09 and +31° 48` 15.6 .

Proper Motion of Sigma Piscium

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -30.25 ± 0.14 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 14.33 ± 0.26 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 10.40000 km/s with an error of about 4.30 km/s .

Sigma Piscium Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 129.40 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Sigma Piscium

Sigma Piscium has a spectral type of B9.5V. This means the star is a blue main sequence dwarf star. The star is 7,467.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24,354.62 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 9,531 Kelvin.

Sigma Piscium Radius has been calculated as being 3.46 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,404,977.89.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 3.62. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Sigma Piscium Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Sigma Piscium has an apparent magnitude of 5.50 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.02 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.12. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Sigma Piscium

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 7.87 which gave the calculated distance to Sigma Piscium as 414.44 light years away from Earth or 127.06 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 414.44 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 7.52 which put Sigma Piscium at a distance of 433.73 light years or 132.98 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,467.00 Parsecs or 24,354.62 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Sigma Piscium Facts

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameSigma Piscium
Alternative NamesSig Psc, HD 6118, HIP 4889, HR 291, 69 Piscium, 69 Psc, BD+31 168
Spectral TypeB9.5V
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type main sequence Dwarf Star
Colour blue
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationPisces
Absolute Magnitude-0.02 / -0.12
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.50
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)01h 02m 49.09
Declination (Dec.)+31° 48` 15.6
Galactic Latitude-31.01 degrees
Galactic Longitude125.75 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth7.87 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 414.44 Light Years
 127.06 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth7.52 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 433.73 Light Years
 132.98 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,354.62 Light Years / 7,467.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-30.25 ± 0.14 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.14.33 ± 0.26 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.00
Radial Velocity10.40 ± 4.30 km/s
Eccentricity0.10
Semi-Major Axis8214.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)129.40

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Facts


Calculated Effective Temperature9,531 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

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