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Sigma Ursae Majoris (11 Ursae Majoris) Star Facts

Sigma Ursae Majoris Facts

  • Sigma Ursae Majoris is a giant star that can be located in the constellation of Ursa Major. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Sigma Ursae Majoris is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (K5III) of the star, the star's colour is orange to red .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 521.03 light years away from us. Distance

Sigma Ursae Majoris's Alternative Names

Sigma Ursae Majoris (Sig01 Uma) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in 1603. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation, there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR3609. HIP44857 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD77800.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 11 Ursae Majoris. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 11 Uma.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+67 573.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Sigma Ursae Majoris

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Sigma Ursae Majoris, the location is 09h 08m 23.53 and +66° 52` 24.0 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Sigma Ursae Majoris

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -40.11 ± 0.20 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -22.68 ± 0.30 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 14.60000 km/s with an error of about 0.19 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of Sigma Ursae Majoris

Sigma Ursae Majoris Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of K5III , Sigma Ursae Majoris's colour and type is orange to red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.51 which means the star's temperature is about 3,971 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

Sigma Ursae Majoris Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 559.32 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Sigma Ursae Majoris Radius

Sigma Ursae Majoris estimated radius has been calculated as being 28.13 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 19,570,215.84.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 29.451822399880583734388295865. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Sigma Ursae Majoris Mass

The Sigma Ursae Majoris's solar mass is 1.81 times that of our star, the Sun. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.

Sigma Ursae Majoris Metalicity

The star's metallicity is -0.245000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.

Sigma Ursae Majoris Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Sigma Ursae Majoris has an apparent magnitude of 5.15 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.77 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.87. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Sigma Ursae Majoris

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 6.54000 which gave the calculated distance to Sigma Ursae Majoris as 498.72 light years away from Earth or 152.91 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 2,931,788,046,114,129.98, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 6.26000 which put Sigma Ursae Majoris at a distance of 521.03 light years or 159.74 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 32,948,510.56 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,507.00 Parsecs or 24,485.08 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to Sigma Ursae Majoris

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Walking487,352,845,551.97
Car1202,911,761,518.40
Airbus A380736474,743,725.83
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269455,396,193.78
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54227,697,800.13
New Horizons Probe33,00010,588,223.70
Speed of Light670,616,629.00521.03

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Sigma Ursae Majoris Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameSigma Ursae Majoris
Alternative NamesSig01 Uma, HD 77800, HIP 44857, HR 3609, 11 Ursae Majoris, 11 Uma, BD+67 573
Spectral TypeK5III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeGiant Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationUrsa Major
Absolute Magnitude -0.77 / -0.87
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.15
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)09h 08m 23.53
Declination (Dec.)+66° 52` 24.0
Galactic Latitude38.02569269 degrees
Galactic Longitude147.27467453 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth6.54000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 498.72 Light Years
 152.91 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth6.26000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
  521.03 Light Years
 159.74 Parsecs
 32,948,510.56 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,485.08 Light Years / 7,507.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-40.11000 ± 0.20000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-22.68000 ± 0.30000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.51
Radial Velocity14.60000 ± 0.19 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.1400 ± 0.06 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.09990
Semi-Major Axis7204.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)559.3200000
Associated / Clustered StarsSigma2 Ursae Majoris

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)29.45
Effective Temperature3,971 Kelvin
Mass Compared to the Sun1.81

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

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